Review Article
Volume 7 Issue 4 - 2021
After-Effects of Covid-19 Pandemic on Human Society
Ghulam Abbas1*, Muhammad Akram Muneer4, Robert Odey Simon9, Razia AbdulMajid Qureshi2, Asif Iqbal4, Haider Abbas3, Mehmood Ahmad6, Noor Fatima5, Maria Arshad7, Waqar Saleem4, Muhammad Asad Aslam4, Muhammad Fakhar-I-Aadil4, Nimra Iqbal4, Ateeqa Aslam4, Zarfishan4, Muhammad Shafique Rehman10 Rabia Mahmood11, Mubashrah Mahmood12, Rimsha Tauqeer7, and Aysha Muqaddas8
1Department of Animal Production, Riphah College of Veterinary Sciences Lahore, Pakistan
2Department of Physics University of Lahore, Pakistan
3Department of Computer Science, Virtual University, Pakistan
4Department of Pathobiology, Riphah College of Veterinary Sciences Lahore, Pakistan
5Department of Pharmacology, Central Park Medical College, Lahore
6Department of Pharmacology, Riphah International University Lahore, Pakistan
7Riphah College of Veterinary Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
8Department of Commerce, Iqra University Karachi, Pakistan
9Ropah Educational Services, Research and General Ventures, Abuja, National Teachers’ Institute, Lafia, Nigeria
10Livestock and Dairy Development Department, Punjab
11Madina Teaching Hospital, The University of Faisalabad, Faisalabad
12Department of Theriogenology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad
*Corresponding Author: Ghulam Abbas, Department of Animal Production, Riphah College of Veterinary Sciences Lahore, Pakistan.
Received: January 31, 2021; Published: March 29, 2021


The deadly corona virus (COVID-19) pandemic, which broke out in China and spread to most other nations of the world, brought forth unquantifiable short- and long- term devastating effects on the economies and social systems of virtually all nations of the globe. Besides deaths, it has also left untold effects on all other facets of life in every nation of the world, directly and indirectly alike. This paper scholarly describes the effects of COVID-19 on the economies and social systems of nations of the world. It maintains that so many things went amiss. For example, most of the normal analogue ways of life shifted to digital activities. Yet, less than 50% of the world’s population can duly use the modern information and technology needed for digital activities. The pandemic confronted humanity with challenges beyond immediate or short-term solution; not even science, religion or polity, individual or group could offer such a solution. The study concludes that the effects of the pandemic cut across all sectors and obtain in all nations of the world. It calls for more research and efforts, and on all concerned authorities to rise to the challenge of not only preventing the spread of the scourging pandemic but also finding a lasting solution that would eradicate it totally from our society. Also, operational legislations would prevail on individuals to adhere to the established ethics and safety precautions.

Keywords: COVID-19; Economy; Social Systems; Humanity; World


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Citation: Ghulam Abbas., et al. “After-Effects of Covid-19 Pandemic on Human Society”. EC Agriculture 7.4 (2021): 01-09.

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