Short Communication
Volume 4 Issue 4 - 2021
Long Term Care, Frailty and SARS-COV-2 Infection: A Framework of Situation
Carmine Finelli1,2*
1Department of Internal Medicine, Ospedale Cav. R. Apicella - ASL Napoli 3 Sud, Via di Massa, Pollena (Napoli), Italy
2Covid Hospital Boscotrecase - ASL Napoli 3 Sud, Via Lenza, Boscotrecase, Napoli, Italy
*Corresponding Author: Carmine Finelli, Department of Internal Medicine, Ospedale Cav. R. Apicella - ASL Napoli 3 Sud, Via di Massa, Pollena, Napoli, Italy.
Received: March 03, 2021; Published: March 22, 2021




Frailty is an indicator of older adults’ health and functional issues, and it makes them more prone to adverse health outcomes. During COVID-19, some studies address the individual’s relationship to their families and caregivers, organizations, societies, and specific policy decisions in the vulnerability of older adults [1-3]. This weakness can be seen in the following examples: a) visitor limits have limited communication possibilities for families and caregivers; b) people residing in rural quarters and insufficient staffing services lead to residents’ insecurity at the administrative level; c) on a local level, staff contact with residents, significantly in relation of transportation, may increase the risk of contracting the virus. COVID-19 is a virus that infects humans; d) on a more general level, support for services and monitoring obstacles exist, i.e. testing barriers can lead to a reduction in incidence and mortality due to COVID-19 being identified [4,5].

References

  1. World Health Organization. Guidance on COVID-19 for the care of older people and people living in long-term care facilities, other non-acute care facilities and home care (2020).
  2. American Geriatrics Society. “American Geriatrics Society (AGS) Policy Brief: COVID-19 and Assisted Living Facilities”. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 6 (2020): 1131-1135.
  3. Finelli C. “Obesity and the Frailty Syndrome at Period of Covid-19”. Biomedical Journal of Scientific and Technical Research 5 (2021).
  4. Cobb N., et al. “For The Covid-Lmic Task Force. Pragmatic Recommendations for Infection Prevention and Control Practices for Healthcare Facilities in Low- and Middle-Income Countries during the COVID-19 Pandemic”. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (2021).
  5. Kemp CL. “#MoreThanAVisitor: Families as "Essential" Care Partners During COVID-19”. Gerontologist2 (2021): 145-151.
  6. Geriatric Medicine Research Collaborative. “Age and frailty are independently associated with increased COVID-19 mortality and increased care needs in survivors: results of an international multi-centre study”. Age Ageing (2021): afab026.
  7. Theou O., et al. “A classification tree to assist with routine scoring of the Clinical Frailty Scale”. Age Ageing (2021): afab006.
  8. Pan YH., et al. “Circular RNAs: Promising Biomarkers for Age-related Diseases”. Aging and Disease 6 (2020): 1585-1593.
  9. Green S and Hillersdal L. “Aging biomarkers and the measurement of health and risk”. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 1 (2021): 28.
  10. Pawelec G and McElhaney J. “Unanticipated efficacy of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in older adults”. Immunity and Ageing 1 (2021): 7.
  11. Verschoor CP., et al. “Antibody and Cell-Mediated Immune Responses Are Correlates of Protection against Influenza Infection in Vaccinated Older Adults”. Vaccines1 (2021): 25.
  12. Monteiro FR., et al. “Combined Exercise Training and l-Glutamine Supplementation Enhances Both Humoral and Cellular Immune Responses after Influenza Virus Vaccination in Elderly Subjects”. Vaccines4 (2020): 685.
  13. Putter JS. “Immunotherapy for COVID-19: Evolving treatment of viral infection and associated adverse immunological reactions”. Transfusion and Apheresis Science (2021):103093.
  14. Jacobs JJL. “Persistent SARS-2 infections contribute to long COVID-19”. Medical Hypotheses 149 (2021): 110538.
  15. Finelli C. “Obesity, COVID-19 and immunotherapy: the complex relationship!”. Immunotherapy15 (2020): 1105-1109.
Citation: Carmine Finelli. “Long Term Care, Frailty and SARS-COV-2 Infection: A Framework of Situation”. EC Clinical and Medical Case Reports 4.4 (2021): 47-48.

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