Research Article
Volume 7 Issue 3 - 2020
Effect of Horticultural Therapy in Psychopathology among Patients with Psychiatric Disorders: Depression as a Module for Clinical Study
Adamu Dalhatu1*, Idris A1, Mahfuz H2, Khadija NN3 and Rukayya H3
Department of Nursing Sciences, Medical-Surgical Unit, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Department of Nursing Sciences, Mental-and Psychiatry Health Nursing Unit, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Department of Nursing Sciences, Maternal and Child Health Unit, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Adamu Dalhatu, Department of Nursing Sciences, Medical-Surgical Unit, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.
Received: January 07, 2020; Published: February 18, 2020




Abstract

Background: The burden of psychopathology and mental disorder continues to grow with significant impact on health and major social, human rights and economic consequences in all countries of the world, with the depression account for the largest part which affect over 300 million people worldwide with women more affected than men.

Aim: This paper aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of horticultural therapy in the treatment of patients diagnosed depression and psychopathological conditions. The paper reviewed literature related to the effectiveness of horticultural therapy in the treatment of patients with psychopathological condition that were published both locally and internationally.

Methods: Various studies employed nonrandomized clinical trials. The DMS-IV&V scale were employed for specification of mental disorders. For pragmatic reasons, the research team conducted a nonrandomized, pretest-posttest, controlled group study in most of the reviewed papers. The horticultural therapists participated in the activities and closely observed changes in behaviors of the patients diagnosed with depression and other psychopathological conditions.

Results: The results of various reviewed papers found significantly larger improvements for the horticultural therapy group vs the control group among patients with dementia and significantly improved level of agitation, cognition and total sleep time r = 0.612, P < 0.01, r = 0.544, P = 0.000 < 0.01. On discharge, the patients were evaluated for effect size (ES) up to 0.61) within both groups. The other study demonstrated significantly larger improvements in patient diagnosed of depression for the horticultural therapy group vs the control group in SF-36 functional domains: physical (ES = 0.61 vs 0.12; P = .011); SF-36 mental health (ES = 0.46 vs 0.14; P = .032).

Conclusion: The addition of horticultural therapy to a patient with depression and other psychopathological condition results in better clinical outcomes and is considered safe and effective. Therefore, the integration of new set of nature paradigms in the management of mental disabilities in our local settings is recommended.

Keywords: Green; Care; Horticulture; Depression; Therapy

References

  1. Ferrari A. “Burden of Depressive Disorders by Country, Sex, Age, and Year”. PLoS One (2013): e1001547.
  2. Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation (2016). 
  3. Salihu AS and Udofia O. “Prevalence and Associated Factors of Depression among General Outpatients in a Tertiary Institution in Kano, North-Western Nigeria”. Open Journal of Psychiatry 6.3 (2016): 228-236. 
  4. Patel V. “Prioritizing health problems in women in developing countries: comparing the financial burden of reproductive tract infections, anemia and depressive disorders in a community survey in India”. Tropical Medicine and International Health 12 (2007): 130.
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  8. Zhang W., et al. “Combination of acupuncture and fluoxetine for depression a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled trial”. The Journal of Alternative and Complimentary Medicine 15.8 (2009): 837-843. 
  9. Lewis AC. “Fourth annual meeting of national council for therapy and rehabilitation through horticulture”. Philadelphia, PA, Development of the Profession of Horticultural Therapy, “Horticulture as Therapy: Principles and Practice”. The Food Products Press (1976): 3-20.
  10. Relf PD. “People-Plant Relationship”. “Horticulture as Therapy”, The Food Products Press (1998): 21-42.
  11. Haller RL. “The Framework in “Horticultural Therapy Methods: Making Connections in Health Care”. Human Service, and Community Programs, Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press (2006): 1-22.
  12. Borg M and Davidson L. “The nature of recovery as lived in everyday experience”. Journal of Mental Health 6 (2008): 138. 
  13. Alston LY. “The Effectiveness of Horticultural Therapy Groups on Adults with a Diagnosis of Depression”. Masters thesis, College at Brockport, State University of New York (2010). 
  14. American Horticultural Therapy Association (2012). 
Citation: Adamu Dalhatu., et al. “Effect of Horticultural Therapy in Psychopathology among Patients with Psychiatric Disorders: Depression as a Module for Clinical Study”. EC Cardiology 7.3 (2020): 01-10.

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