Mini Review
Volume 7 Issue 4 - 2020
Lifestyle-Related Health Behaviors Associated with Cardiovascular Health in Adolescents: A Stairway to Healthy Future
Sakshi Mehta and Veena Dhawan*
Department of Experimental Medicine and Biotechnology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
*Corresponding Author: Veena Dhawan, Professor, Department of Experimental Medicine and Biotechnology, Research Block-B, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India.
Received: December 30, 2019; Published: March 04, 2020




Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is generally a disease of adults, but the deterioration is initiated in adolescence based on various traditional risk factors, including smoking, obesity, hypertension and dyslipidaemia etc. These risk factors either belong to health factors or lifestyle-associated health behaviors. The lifestyle-associated health behaviors such as physical inactivity, smoking, obesity and unhealthy diet intake, are more prevalent among adolescents. These healthy behaviors during childhood and adolescence are a strong predictor of CVD development in adulthood. Early choices, life experiences, screening and prevention of risk factors in childhood and adolescence must be addressed to attain ideal cardiovascular health throughout the life course. Improving and promoting a healthy lifestyle in adolescents will help in reducing the burden of CVDs in adults. Various approaches and strategies are required to reinforce ideal cardiovascular health and to promote positive cardiovascular outcomes. In this review, we highlight the lifestyleassociated risk factors associated with cardiovascular health in adolescents transitioning to young adulthood.

Keywords: Ideal Cardiovascular Health; Physical Inactivity; Obesity; Smoking; Healthy Diet

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Citation: Sakshi Mehta and Veena Dhawan. “Lifestyle-Related Health Behaviors Associated with Cardiovascular Health in Adolescents: A Stairway to Healthy Future. EC Cardiology 7.4 (2020): 40-44.

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