Research Article
Volume 7 Issue 9 - 2020
Description of the Components of the Metabolic Syndrome in Patients with Myocardial Infarction
Abid H Laghari1*, Naseer Ahmed2, Marvi Zaur3 and Khawar Abbas Kazmi4
1Department of Medicine, Section of Cardiology, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
2Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
3Department of Anatomy, Baqai Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan
4National Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Abid H Laghari, Department of Medicine, Section of Cardiology, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan.
Received: June 01, 2020; Published: August 31, 2020




Abstract

Objective: To describe the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and its components in acute myocardial infarction.

Methods: A prospective cross sectional study was conducted at Coronary Care Unit (CCU) at Aga Khan University Hospital from 1st June 2017 to 30th November 2018. Adult Patients, who were admitted with Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) were assessed for the components of MS including HDL, TG, FBS, BP and WC. Metabolic Syndrome was labeled, if patient had three or more components.

Results: Total 120 AMI (50 STEMI, 70 NSTEMI) patients (79 Males, 41 Females; mean age 62.1 ± 12.98 years) were included and evaluated for MS and its individual components. Overall Metabolic Syndrome was present in 84 patients (70% of total patients; 73% of female and 63% of male patients). The most common component was low HDL (78.3% of total patients), followed by raised BP (71.66% of total patients). The remaining Metabolic Syndrome components, impaired fasting blood sugar levels, increased waist circumference and raised TG levels were present in 65%, 53.3% and 24.16% of total patients respectively.

Conclusion: In this study, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was high (70%) in patients with myocardial infarction. The most frequent component was a low HDL level, followed by a rise in blood pressure.

Keywords: Myocardial Infarction; Metabolic Syndrome; High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL); Blood Pressure

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Citation: Abid H Laghari., et al. “Description of the Components of the Metabolic Syndrome in Patients with Myocardial Infarction”. EC Cardiology 7.9 (2020): 79-84.

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