Research Article
Volume 7 Issue 10 - 2020
Awareness of the Public about Sudden Cardiac Death in Saudi Arabia
Wafa Ali Aldawood1, Fatimah Jafar Al-jass2*, Fatimah Ahmed Alnabi3, Rawabi Jawad Alradhi2, Sawsan Mohammed Nour Shukri2, Israa Ali Alyousef3, Fatimah Abdrabalridha Bukhamsin3, Bayan Hadi Alshola3, Ghufran Hussain Al-Abdullah2 and Zainb Maki Alzawad3
1Cardiologist and Consultant of Cardiac Electrophysiology at Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University Hospital, Saudi Arabia
2Medical Student, Alfarabi College of Medicine, Alfarabi Colleges, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3Medical Student, College of Medicine, Dar Al Uloom University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Fatimah Jafar Al-jass, Medical Student, Alfarabi College of Medicine, Alfarabi Colleges, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Received: September 10, 2020; Published: September 24, 2020




Abstract

Background: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a common and devastating event, often occurring in the prime of life and having profound consequences for surviving members of the individual’s family.

Objective: To determine the public awareness regards the causes, risk factors and management of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) and screening of families at higher risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in Saudi Arabia.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the general populations of Saudi Arabia in different localities. Data was collected by using an online pre-designed self-administered questionnaire distributed via social media network. Sociodemographic and awareness data was obtained.

Results: Out of the studied 4309 respondents, 68% were females, 67.3% were university or higher educated. Most of the respondents (91.8%) have heard about SCA. More than half the participants (58.7%) knew the difference between SCA and heart attacks. Chest pain and tightness were the most known warning symptoms of SCA; 63% and 57.0% respectively. Around half the respondents knew cessation of pulse and loss of consciousness are immediate symptoms of SCA. 39.3% did not know the causes of SCA. Family history of SCD was reported in 19.9%, among which, 25.4% did screening for heart diseases. Most of the participants (75.2%) have heard of CPR and 34.1% can perform CPR skillfully, 39.5% know the right action if they see a SCA subsect.

Conclusion: In our study, most of the respondents (91.8%) have heard about SCA, 58.7% knew the difference between SCA and heart attacks, 34.1% can perform CPR skillfully, 39.5% know the right action if they see a SCA subsect.

Keywords: Awareness; The Public; Sudden Cardiac Death; Saudi Arabia

References

  1. Lopshire JC and Zipes DP. “Sudden cardiac death: Better understanding of risks, mechanisms, and treatment”. Circulation 114 (2006): 1134-1136.
  2. Kuller LH. “Sudden death--definition and epidemiologic considerations”. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases 1 (1980): 1-12.
  3. Gillum RF. “Geographic variation in sudden coronary death”. American Heart Journal 119 (1990): 380-389.
  4. Berdowski J., et al. “Global incidences of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and survival rates: Systematic review of 67 prospective studies”. Resuscitation 81 (2010): 1479-1487.
  5. Nofal HK., et al. “Inci-dence and causes of sudden death in a university hospital in eastern Saudi Arabia”. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal 17 (2011): 665-670.
  6. Hayashi M., et al. “The spectrum of epidemiology underlying sudden cardiac death”. Circulation Research12 (2015): 1887-1906.
  7. Yow AG., et al. “Sudden Cardiac Death”. In: Stat Pearls Treasure Island (FL): Stat Pearls Publishing (2020).
  8. Marijon E., et al. “Warning Symptoms Are Associated With Survival From Sudden Cardiac Arrest”. Annals of Internal Medicine 1 (2016): 23-29.
  9. Patel K and Hipskind JE. “Cardiac Arrest”. In: Stat Pearls Treasure Island (FL): Stat Pearls Publishing (2020).
  10. Adabag AS., et al. “Sudden cardiac death: epidemiology and risk factors”. Nature Reviews Cardiology 4 (2010): 216-225.
  11. Ozbilgin S., et al. “Evaluation of public awareness, knowledge and attitudes about cardiopulmonary resuscitation: report of Izmir”. Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation 6 (2015): 396-405.
  12. Puttgen HA., et al. “Management of cardiac arrest patients to maximize neurologic outcome”. Current Opinion in Critical Care 2 (2009): 118-124.
  13. Berdowski Jocelyn., et al. “Global incidences of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and survival rates: Systematic review of 67 prospective studies”. Resuscitation11 (2010): 1479-1487.
  14. Benjamin EJ., et al. “Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2017 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association”. Circulation10 (2017): e146-e603.
  15. Myerburg RJ. “Scientific gaps in the prediction and prevention of sudden cardiac death”. Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 13 (2002): 709-723.
  16. Myerburg RJ., et al. “Indications for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators based on evidence and judgment”. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 54 (2009): 747-763.
  17. Yow AG., et al. “Sudden Cardiac Death”. In: Stat Pearls Treasure Island (FL): Stat Pearls Publishing (2020).
  18. Shams Ali., et al. “Community involvement in out of hospital cardiac arrest: A cross-sectional study assessing cardiopulmonary resuscitation awareness and barriers among the Lebanese youth”. Medicine 43 (2016).
  19. Peterson B., et al. “Majority of Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrests are Preceded by Recent Physician Encounter (abstract)”. Heart Rhythm (2016): PO05-P196.
  20. Müller D., et al. “How sudden is sudden cardiac death?” Circulation 114 (2006): 1146-1150.
  21. Jarrah S., et al. “Evaluation of public awareness, knowledge and attitudes towards basic life support: a cross-sectional study”. BMC Emergency Medicine 1 (2018): 37.
  22. Newman Mary M., et al. “Baseline Consumer Study of Public Awareness About Sudden Cardiac Arrest”. Circulation1 (2016): A20370-A20370.
Citation: Fatimah Jafar Al-jass., et al. “Awareness of the Public about Sudden Cardiac Death in Saudi Arabia”. EC Cardiology 7.10 (2020): 24-32.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


June Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the June issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for upcoming Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before June 25, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to editor@ecronicon.uk