Research Article
Volume 8 Issue 1 - 2021
Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on Services Delivery for Cardiovascular Disease Patients: A Bird’s Eye View
Desire Aime Nshimirimana1*, Donald Kokonya2, Anthony Gikonyo3, Premanand Ponoth3, Dan Gikonyo3, Betty Gikonyo3 and Japheth Mativo Nzioki4
1Clinical Department, Branches, The Karen Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya
2Department of Community Health and Behavioral Sciences, School of Medicine, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kakamega, Kenya
3Department of Cardiology, The Karen Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya
4School of Public Health, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), Juja, Kenya
*Corresponding Author: Desire Aime Nshimirimana, Clinical Department, Branches, The Karen Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya.
Received: October 22, 2020; Published: December 31, 2020




Abstract

Background: Non-communicable disease patients are the most vulnerable to COVID-19 and increase mortality and morbidity especially those with cardiovascular diseases according to previous studies.

Objective: To assess the short and long-term impact of COVID-19 pandemic on services delivery of cardiovascular disease services.

Methods: PubMed, Google scholar and MEDLINE for all peer-reviewed papers adhering to scoping review method.

Results: The summary of studies include 26% (5) reviews, 16% (3) commentaries, 16% (3) expert opinions, 10% (2) letters to editor, 11% (2) editorials, 11% (2) consensus statements, 5% (1) brief communication and 5% (1) prevalence study. The majority of papers were published from Singapore, United States of America and Europe especially in Italy, Canada, New Zealand and Australia. Cardiac surgeries constitute the majority of services disrupted during COVID-19 pandemic caring 41% (9) of all other cardiac services. Cardiac procedures and investigations follow with 27% (6), vascular surgeries 23% (5) and cardiac consultations 9% (2). Cardiac surgeries, procedures and investigations carry the burden with 68% and 90% respectively if vascular surgeries are added up.

Conclusion: Cardiovascular disease services delivery have been affected seriously during COVID-19 restrictions. Cardiac surgeries, cardiac procedures and investigations, vascular surgeries, cardiac consultations and referrals of cardiac emergencies were the most affected. CVD procedures and services including consultations are extremely important to continue under strict measures to prevent mortality and morbidity associated with CVD and COVID-19.

Keywords: Cardiovascular Disease Services; COVID-19; CVD; Cardiovascular Disease Procedures; Cardiovascular Disease Operations; Cardiovascular Disease Consultations

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Citation: Desire Aime Nshimirimana., et al. “Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on Services Delivery for Cardiovascular Disease Patients: A Bird’s Eye View”. EC Cardiology 8.1 (2021): 31-46.

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