Research Article
Volume 19 Issue 8 - 2020
The Effect of Intraoral Ageing and Debris Accumulation on the Frictional Resistance of Orthodontic Archwires: An In-Vivo Study
Palaskar Nikhil1, Hegde Ashwith2, Nene Salil2, Kalia Ajit3 and Khan Aman4*
1Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, M.A. Rangoonwala College of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, M.A. Rangoonwala College of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3Professor and HOD, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, M.A. Rangoonwala College of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India
4Resident, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, M.A. Rangoonwala College of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding Author: Khan Aman, Resident, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, M.A. Rangoonwala College of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
Received: June 29, 2020; Published: July 29, 2020




Abstract

Aim: To evaluate, the degree of debris accumulation on stainless steel (SS) archwires after prolonged intraoral use and to evaluate, the effect of these debris on the frictional resistance of stainless (SS) archwires. To compare, the effectiveness of two commonly used archwire cleaning methods to remove these accumulated debris.

Objectives: To evaluate, whether the accumulation of debris on the surface of the stainless steel (SS) orthodontic archwires has any effect on its frictional resistance and to evaluate, whether the two commonly used archwire cleaning methods are helpful in removing these accumulated debris.

Materials and Methods: The samples were classified into 4 major groups: T0, T1SWS, T2US, Tccontrol respectively. Group T0, T1 consist of 10 hemi-sectioned archwire segments which were tested for frictional resistance and debris accumulation without cleaning and post- cleaning for 1 minute and that of T2 with Ultrasound cleaning for 15 minutes. Tc consist of involved 20 non-cleansed control hemi-sectioned archwire segments obtained from patients from above mentioned T1 and T2.

Results: Median average debris of T1 and T2 did not differ significantly compared to average debris at T0 but Average debris of Tc differed significantly compared to average debris at T0. Also, Average debris T1 differed significantly compared with average debris of T2, debris of T1 and t2 differed significantly with debris of T0.

Conclusion: Increased levels of frictional resistance between archwire and bracket surfaces during sliding mechanics phase of orthodontic treatment were effectively reverted back after cleaning the orthodontic archwire by rubbing with steel wool sponge for 1 minute or through immersion in an ultrasound cleaning machine for 15 minutes.

Keywords: Intraoral Ageing; Debris; Frictional Resistance; Orthodontic Arch Wire

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Citation: Khan Aman., et al. “The Effect of Intraoral Ageing and Debris Accumulation on the Frictional Resistance of Orthodontic Archwires: An In-Vivo Study”. EC Dental Science 19.8 (2020): 167-178.

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