Research Article
Volume 20 Issue 5 - 2021
Nutritional Status Evaluation of Edentulous Patients at Pre- and Post-Insertion of Complete Denture: A Before and After Comparison Groups Study
Pradeep Kumar Pandey1, Awadhesh Kumar Singh2*, Arvind Kumar Singh3, Ritu Mohindra3, Abhishek Katiyar1 and Sudhanshu Agrawal4
1Assistant Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Chandra Dental College and Hospital, Barabanki, UP, India
2Professor, Department of Periodontology, Chandra Dental College and Hospital, Barabanki, UP, India
3Associate Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Chandra Dental College and Hospital, Barabanki, UP, India
4Associate Professor, Department of Periodontology, Chandra Dental College and Hospital, Barabanki, UP, India
*Corresponding Author: Awadhesh Kumar Singh, Professor, Department of Periodontology, Chandra Dental College and Hospital, Barabanki, UP, India.
Received: March 06, 2021; Published: April 28, 2021


Aim: To evaluate the nutritional status of edentulous patients before and after insertion of complete denture (CD).

Methods: 30 patients were selected to evaluate change in nutritional status of edentulous patients before insertion and 3, 6 and 12 months after CD through body mass index (BMI) and blood analysis for calcium, protein, cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL) and hemoglobin (Hb). Data were summarized as mean ± SD. Student’s t-test, paired t-test, Wilcoxon signed rank statistic and bivariate correlation were used for statistical analysis. Statistical significance was set at p ≤ 0.05.

Results: Mean blood calcium, protein, cholesterol, HDL, Hb and BMI were 8.23 ± 0.16 mg/dl, 6.87 ± 0.32 g/dl, 147.28 ± 11.40 mg/dl, 37.96 ± 1.19 mg/dl, 12.18 ± 0.44 g/dl and 19.68 ± 2.10 kg/m² at baseline; which changed to 8.37 ± 0.27, 8.57 ± 0.35 and 8.95 ± 0.35 mg/dl for calcium; 7.07 ± 0.35, 7.32 ± 0.39 and 7.60 ± 0.57 g/dl for protein; 150.99 ± 9.72, 158.18 ± 9.63 and 165.96 ± 9.74 mg/dl for cholesterol; 38.71 ± 1.26, 40.03 ± 1.22 and 41.45 ± 1.22 mg/dl for HDL; 12.31 ± 0.48, 12.70 ± 0.53 and 12.99 ± 0.61 g/dl for Hb; and 19.98 ± 2.11, 20.39 ± 2.07 and 20.97 ± 2.09 kg/m2 for BMI; at 3, 6 and 12 months post-rehabilitation respectively. The change in calcium, protein, cholesterol, HDL, Hb and BMI were statistically significant (p < 0.001).

Except for mild correlation between Hb and calcium and moderate correlation between calcium and protein, all other nutrients showed weak or statistically non-significant correlation.

Conclusion: All nutrients were found below normal range in edentulous patients suggesting that loss of teeth has definite impact on their blood levels. There was significant improvement in all parameters when rehabilitated with CD suggesting that rehabilitation with CD may lead to increasing all parameters.


Keywords: Diet; Elderly People; Food; Nutrients; Prosthetic Rehabilitation


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Citation: Pradeep Kumar Pandey., et al. “Nutritional Status Evaluation of Edentulous Patients at Pre- and Post-Insertion of Complete Denture: A Before and After Comparison Groups Study”. EC Dental Science 20.5 (2021): 105-122.

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