Case Series
Volume 20 Issue 6 - 2021
Indirect Ceramic Restoration Repair Technique in the Aesthetic Zone: Report of 2 Cases
Aristidis Galiatsatos1* and Panagiotis Galiatsatos2
1Associate Professor, Division of Dental Technology, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of West Attica, Athens, Greece
2Dental Technologist, Athens, Greece, Undergraduate student, School of Dentistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
*Corresponding Author: Aristidis Galiatsatos, Associate Professor, Division of Dental Technology, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of West Attica, Athens, Greece.
Received: May 03, 2021; Published: May 25, 2021


Repair of restorations that failed for technical reasons or due to fatigue could certainly prolong the survival of functioning restorations. A technique for repairing fractured porcelain fused to metal restorations is presented. This technique uses a new overcasting (metal-ceramic or all-ceramic) crown that is cemented on the prepared fractured retainer of the prosthesis. The clinical and laboratory procedures are simple. The primary advantage of this technique is that it may be more predictable than the direct-repair method using composites, especially for situations in which a large portion of porcelain is missing. Also, this technique produces an aesthetic result that is more satisfying and stable than that of composite resins.


Keywords: All-Ceramic Crown; Fracture; Porcelain Fused to Metal Restorations; Repair; Zirconium Repair Method


  1. Aslam A., et al. “Ceramic fracture in metal-ceramic restorations: the etiology”. Dental Update5 (2017): 448-456.
  2. Jain S., et al. “To Evaluate the Effect of Various Surface Treatments on the Shear Bond Strength of Three Different Intraoral Ceramic Repair Systems: An in Vitro Study”. Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 3 (2013): 315-320.
  3. Yoo JY., et al. “Porcelain repair-Influence of different systems and surface treatments on resin bond strength”. Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics 5 (2015): 343-348.
  4. Dos Santos JG., et al. “Shear Bond Strength of Metal Ceramic Repair Systems”. Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 3 (2006): 165-173.
  5. Karcı M., et al. “Shear bond strength of a novel porcelain repair system for different computer‑aided design/computer‑assisted manufacturing ceramic materials”. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 4 (2018): 507-513.
  6. Galiatsatos A and Galiatsatos P. “Clinical evaluation of fractured metal-ceramic fixed dental prostheses repaired with indirect technique”. Quintessence International 3 (2015): 229-236.
  7. Galiatsatos A. “An indirect repair technique for fractured metal-ceramic restorations: A clinical report”. Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 4 (2005): 321-323.
  8. Hickel R., et al. “Repair of restorations - Criteria for decision making and clinical recommendations”. Dental Materials1 (2013): 28-50.
  9. Jagger DC and Wilson NHF. “Defective dental restorations: To repair or not to repair? Part 2: All-ceramics and porcelain fused to metal systems”. Dental Update3 (2011): 150-158.
  10. Kimmich M and Stappert GJ. “Intraoral treatment of veneering porcelain chipping of fixed dental restorations”. Journal of the American Dental Association 1 (2013): 31-44.
  11. Özcan M. “Evaluation of alternative intra-oral repair techniques for fractured ceramic-fused-to-metal restorations”. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 2 (2003): 194-203.
  12. Al-Moaleem MM and Al-Qahtani NM. “A combination of intra and extra oral technique for repairing a multi-unit metal-ceramic fixed partial denture”. International Journal of Dental Clinics 2 (2012): 84-86.
  13. Fahmy NZ and Mohsen CA. “Assessment of an indirect metal-ceramic repair system”. Journal of Prosthodontics 1 (2010): 25-32.
  14. Wood M., et al. “Repair of porcelain/metal restoration with resin bonded overcasting”. Journal of Esthetic Dentistry 4 (1992): 110-113.
  15. Blatz MB., et al. “The Effect of Resin Bonding on Long-Term Success of High-Strength Ceramics”. Journal of Dental Research 2 (2018): 132-139.
  16. Nadja R., et al. “Influence of cement type and ceramic primer on retention of polymer-infiltrated ceramic crowns to a one-piece zirconia implant”. Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 1 (2018): 138-145.
Citation: Aristidis Galiatsatos and Panagiotis Galiatsatos. “Indirect Ceramic Restoration Repair Technique in the Aesthetic Zone: Report of 2 Cases”. EC Dental Science 20.6 (2021): 30-39.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

March Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the March issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before April 07, 2023.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.