Research Article
Volume 20 Issue 7 - 2021
The Ability of Undergraduate Dental Students and Interns to Diagnose and Manage Oral Ulcers
Waad Saeed Moh*, Fatima Faris and RA Togoo
King Khaled University, College of Dentistry, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Waad Saeed Moh, King Khaled University, College of Dentistry, Saudi Arabia.
Received: June 04, 2021; Published: June 25, 2021


Background: Dental practitioners should be well aware of diagnosing and treating oral ulcers. During dental education, undergraduates and interns should be given adequate knowledge about oral ulcers. Thus, the present study was conducted to assess the knowledge and awareness of oral ulcers among undergraduate dental students and interns at King Khalid University.

Methodology: The present cross-sectional study was a questionnaire-based study conducted from March 2021 to May 2021. A self-administered structured questionnaire was used to assess the demographic variables, information regarding knowledge and awareness about oral ulcers.

Results: A total of 307 participants aged 20 - 25yrs were included in the study, with 77.52% undergraduates of different education levels and 22.47% interns. 15 questions were asked to assess the knowledge and awareness among dental students about oral ulcers. Statistically, the relation between answers to all questions was derived using Chi-square statistical analysis, and a significant relation was observed among all options for most of the questions.

Conclusion: The study concluded that dental students were aware of oral ulcers but still require adequate knowledge for careful examination and identification of the underlying causes and management of oral ulcers. Thus, we advocate that specific awareness courses should be conducted among dental students so that oral ulcers can be diagnosed at early stages and managed effectively.

Keywords: Dental Undergraduates; Interns; Knowledge; Oral Ulcers


  1. Shulman JD., et al. “The prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in U.S. adults: data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994”. Journal of the American Dental Association 135 (2004): 1279-1286.
  2. Natah SS., et al. “Recurrent aphthous ulcers today: a review of the growing knowledge”. International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 33 (2004): 221-234.
  3. Abitha ST and Mathew MG. “Knowledge and awareness of oral ulcers among dental students”. PalArch's Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology7 (2020): 1275-1286.
  4. Patil S., et al. “Prevalence of recurrent aphthous ulceration in the Indian population”. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry1 (2014): e36-40.
  5. Gill Y and Scully C. “Mouth ulcers: a study of where members of the general public might seek advice”. British Dental Journal 202 (2007): E16.
  6. Krishnaa KP., et al. “Awareness of mouth ulcers among Indian population: A survey”. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research2 (2017): 12-14.
  7. Ajmal M., et al. “Prevalence and psychological stress in recurrent aphthous stomatitis among female dental students in Saudi Arabia”. Clujul Medical2 (2018): 216-221.
  8. Hollows P., et al. “Delays in the referral and treatment of oral squamous cell carcinoma”. British Dental Journal 188 (2000): 262-265.
  9. Pitiphat W., et al. “Factors associated with delay in the diagnosis of oral cancer”. Journal of Dental Research 81 (2002): 192-197.
  10. Bowden J and Scully C. “Dentistry and total oral health”. British Medical Journal 298 (1989): 186.
  11. Scully C. “An ABC of oral health”. 1st London: British Medical Journal Books (2000).
  12. Safadi RA. “Prevalence of recurrent aphthous ulceration in Jordanian dental patients”. BMC Oral Health 9 (2009): 31.
  13. Huling LB., et al. “Effect of stressful life events on the onset and duration of recurrent aphthous stomatitis”. Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine 41 (2012): 149-152.
  14. Byahatti SM. “Incidence of Recurrent Aphthous ulcers in a group of student population in Libya: A Questionnaire Study”. Arch Cran Oro Fac Sc 1 (2013): 26-30.
  15. Al-Johani K. “Prevalence of Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis among Dental Students: A Cross-Sectional Study”. The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice 8 (2019): 893-895.
Citation: Waad Saeed Moh., et al. “The Ability of Undergraduate Dental Students and Interns to Diagnose and Manage Oral Ulcers”. EC Dental Science 20.7 (2021): 37-42.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

January Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the November issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before February 13, 2023.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.