Research Article
Volume 20 Issue 7 - 2021
Awareness and Knowledge of Oral Cancer among the Population of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Rehhaf Sindi1*, Bushra Almotairi2, Johara Sindi3, Reem Alshekhi2, Miad almajnuni4, Meaad Aldairi5 and Khalid Aboalshamat6
1General Dentist, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2General Dentist, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
3General Dentist, Ministry of Health, Taif, Saudi Arabia
4General Dentist, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
5General Dentist, Ministry of Health, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
6Dental Public Health Division, Preventative Dentistry Department, College of Dentistry, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Rehhaf Sindi, General Dentist, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Received: May 31, 2021; Published: June 29, 2021




Abstract

Objectives: Oral cancer is ranked as the ninth most common tumor around the world and the third most common tumor in Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study was to determine levels of awareness and knowledge about oral cancer among the general population in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 800 adult participants were recruited to assess levels of knowledge about oral cancer using a self-administered questionnaire. T-test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and linear regression were used for data analysis.

Results: The results showed that 34.3% of respondents were unaware of the existence of oral cancer, and 65.8% had previously heard about oral cancer. Correct answers for oral cancer risk factors had a mean of 5.47 and SD = 2.84 for 12 questions. Nonsmoking, Saudi female participants with university educations and family incomes higher than SAR 15,000, as well as participants who had previously learned about oral cancer, had significantly (p < 0.05) higher total correct answers. There were 80.50% of participants who identified smoking as a risk factor, but only 25% identified sun exposure as a risk factor. Red and white patches were the least identified signs of oral cancer, with only 22.50% and 24.38% correct responses, respectively.

Conclusion: Public knowledge about oral cancer in Saudi Arabia seems to be insufficient, and more health promotion campaigns should be conducted to boost community awareness.

Keywords: Oral Cancer; Saudi Arabia; Dentistry; Oral Health; Jeddah; Knowledge; Awareness

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Citation: Rehhaf Sindi., et al. “Awareness and Knowledge of Oral Cancer among the Population of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia”. EC Dental Science 20.7 (2021): 69-77.

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