Research Article
Volume 20 Issue 10 - 2021
Tobacco Smoking and its Repercussions on Periodontal Health in Rural Population of India - A Comparative and Correlative Study
Shivendra Pal Singh1*, Nidhi Rathore2, Nitin Kumar Goyal3, Pulak Mishra4, Siddharth Acharya5 and Prakhar Mongia6
1Assistant Professor, Periodontics and Oral Implantology, MGUMST University, Mahatma Gandhi Dental College, Jaipur, India
2Associate Professor, Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, NIMS University, NIMS Dental College, Jaipur, India
3Consultant Orthodontist, Jaipur, India
4Consultant Periodontist, New Delhi, India
5Associate Professor, Public Health Dentistry, D Y Patil University, School of Dentistry, Navi Mumbai, India
6Consultant Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Jaipur, India
*Corresponding Author: Shivendra Pal Singh, Periodontics and Oral Implantology, MGUMST University, Mahatma gandhi Dental college , Jaipur, India.
Received: August 25, 2021; Published: September 07, 2021


Tobacco smoking has a substantial influence on periodontal health and disease. Periodontal disease is one of the most common chronic diseases in adults and smoking has been suggested as one of the major indisputable risk factor for periodontal diseases and early loss of teeth. Our study was thus undertaken to evaluate the effect of tobacco smoking on periodontal health status of Jaipur Rural Population and to conduct a comparative evaluation of the periodontal status among smokers and non smokers. Our study included 300 patients aged 18 to 65 years. The subjects were selected from the patients attending the Outpatient Department of Periodontics of our college. For all the samples, age, sex, education level, fluorosis and smoking status were recorded. Clinical parameters like gingival bleeding index (GBI), plaque index (PI), probing pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment level (CAL) were also recorded for each patient to evaluate the periodontal health status. The statistical analysis was then carried out using Chi-square test. Our study revealed a statistically significant influence of tobacco smoking on periodontal health status in Jaipur Rural Population. Recording the smoking history for each patient and motivating them to quit smoking plays a very crucial role in maintenance of both periodontal health as well as general health.

Keywords: Clinical Attachment Level; Gingival Bleeding Index; Plaque Index; Probing Pocket Depth; Periodontal Health


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Citation: Shivendra Pal Singh., et al. “Tobacco Smoking and its Repercussions on Periodontal Health in Rural Population of India - A Comparative and Correlative Study”. EC Dental Science 20.10 (2021): 13-21.

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