Research Article
Volume 20 Issue 10 - 2021
Symptoms of Temporomandibular Disorders among Dental College Students in Baghdad
Emad Hammody Abdulla*, Mena Faiz, Ali Adnan and Zainab Dhiaa
College of Dentistry, Ibn Sina University of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Baghdad, Iraq
*Corresponding Author: Emad Hammody Abdulla, Assistant Professor, College of Dentistry, Ibn Sina University of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Baghdad, Iraq.
Received: September 11, 2021; Published: September 25, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: The temporomandibular Joints (TMJs) are two joints connecting jawbone to the skull. conditions affecting the TMJ, muscles of mastication and/or associated structures are named the Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). TMDs have a collecting variety of clinical signs and symptoms related to the TMJ and/or the associated structures.

Aim of this Study: The aim of the study was to examine the symptoms of Temporomandibular disorders in Iraqi dental colleges students.

Materials and Methods: Study include hundred dental students from Colleges in Baghdad capital of Iraq. There percentages were as a 28% males and 72% females, their age ranged from 18 to 25 years.

Results: In the study 81% were free of limitation in mouth opening, About 6% of the population had limitation in mouth opening, while 13% sometime suffering from this problem. 82students (82%) had T.M. joint locking, 10% feel sometime and 8% had T.M joint locking. It is clear that the percentage of students suffering from previous two problems was significantly lower than the percentage of student free from these problems. About 5.1% had muscular pain during chewing, 74.7% free of pain and 20.2% feel sometimes. 26.3% of students had frequent headache, neck pain and toothaches while 46.5% free of pain. 7% suffer from pain around ears, cheek and temple.26% noticed T.M.J. clicking while chewing or opening the mouth and 25% feeling sometimes. 11% had arthralgia in other joints of body while 78% free of arthralgia. About 12% of students their jaws get stiff, tights or tired regularly. 5.1% of sample suffered from recent trauma to their head, neck and jaws. 16% felt recent changes in their bite under want orthodontic treatment. 31% considered their self as nervous and 50% had stress. 32% had experience of pain during eruption of wisdom tooth while 49% did not have this experience. the study revealed that only 5.1% received treatment for unexplained pain and jaw joint problems. The results also showed that the 46.9% had some habit such as nail biting, clenching of teeth, chewing gum of them had some kind of TMJ problem.

Conclusion: The symptoms and severity of TMJ could be identified by a simplified questionnaire.

Keywords: Temporomandibular Joints (TMJs); Temporomandibular Disorders (TMDs); Dental College Students

References

  1. Illustrated Anatomy of the Head and Neck, Margaret Fehrenbach and Susan Herring, Elsevier (2012): 118.
  2. Al-Ani MZ., et al. “Stabilisation splint therapy for temporomandibular pain dysfunction syndrome” (2004).
  3. Sakrania H., et al. “Prevalence of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders in different malocclusion groups”. POJ 7 (2015): 2-7.
  4. Milanez Oliveira FB and Rocha Paula AB. “Association between Temporomandibular Dysfunction and Depression in People Living with HIV/ AIDS”. International Archives of Medicine 9 (2016): 393.
  5. Scrivani SJ., et al. “Temporomandibular disorders”. The New England Journal of Medicine25 (2008): 2693-2705.
  6. Ahmed and Abuaffan. “Prevalence of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders among Sudanese University Students Oral Hyg Health 4 (2016): 2.
  7. Wassell R., et al. “Applied occlusion”. London: Quintessence (2008): 73-84.
  8. Greenberg MS and Glick M. “Burket's oral medicine diagnosis and treatment )10th edition). Hamilton, Ont: BC Decker (2003).
  9. Cooper BC and Kleinberg I. “Examination of a large patient population for the presence of symptoms and signs of temporomandibular disorders”. Cranio 25 (2007): 114-126.
  10. Scrivani SJ and Metha NR. “Temporomandibular disorders in adults (2011).
  11. Okeson JP and De Leeuw R. “Differential diagnosis of temporomandibular disorders and other orofacial pain disorders”. Dental Clinics of North America 1 (2011): 105-120.
  12. Emshoff R., et al. “Clinical versus magnetic resonance imaging findings with internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint: an evaluation of anterior disc displacement without reduction”. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 1 (2002): 36-41.
  13. Chuang SY. “Incidence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) in senior dental students in Taiwan”. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 12 (2002): 1206-1211.
  14. Okeson JP. “Management of Temporomandibular Disorders”.
  15. Bevilaqua-Grossi D., et al. “Anamnestic index severity and signs and symptoms of TMD”. Cranio 24 (2006): 112-118.
  16. Lee JY., et al. “Evaluation of Korean teenagers with temporomandibular joint disorders”. Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons 39 (2013): 231-237.
  17. Habib SR., et al. “Prevalence and severity of temporomandibular disorders among university students in Riyadh”. Saudi Dental Journal 27 (2014): 125-130.
  18. Zwiri AM and Al-Omiri MK. “Prevalence of temporomandibular joint disorder among North Saudi University students”. Cranio 34 (2016): 176-181.
  19. Elyasi M., et al. “Prevalence of temporomandibular joint disorder among Gulf Medical University students”. Gulf Medical Journal 5 (2016): S123-S130.
  20. Majumder K., et al. “Prevalence and Sex Distribution of Temporomandibular Disorder and Their Association with Anxiety and Depression in Indian Medical University Students”. International Journal of Clinical Medicine 6 (2015): 570-578.
  21. Cabral RP., et al. “Temporomandibular Disorder in University Students of the Parque das Rosas Campus, Universidade Estácio de Sá That Practice Sports”. Health 8 (2016): 18-23.
  22. Minghelli B., et al. “Prevalence of Temporomandibular disorder in children and adolescents from public schools in Southern Portugal”. North American Journal of Medical Sciences 6 (2014): 126-132.
  23. Issa N., et al. “Prevalence of Symptoms of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder in Lattakia-Syria”. 1 (2015): 23-28.
  24. Ryalat S., et al. “Prevalence of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders among Students of the University of Jordan”. Journal of Clinical Medicine Research 1 (2009): 158-164.
  25. Ahmed LI and Abuaffan AH. “Prevalence of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders among Sudanese University Students”. Journal of Oral Hygiene and Health 4 (2016): 200.
  26. Al-sanabani JS., et al. “Prevalence of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders among Yemeni University students: A prospective, cross-sectional study”. International Journal of Oral and Craniofacial Science2 (2017): 052-059.
  27. Pesqueira AA., et al. “Relationship between psychological factors and symptoms of TMD in university undergraduate students”. Acta odontológica Latinoamericana 23 (2010): 182-187.
Citation: Emad Hammody Abdulla., et al. “Symptoms of Temporomandibular Disorders among Dental College Students in Baghdad”. EC Dental Science 20.10 (2021): 123-131.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


October Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the October issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before November 01, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to editor@ecronicon.uk