Research Article
Volume 20 Issue 10 - 2021
Symptoms of Temporomandibular Disorders among Dental College Students in Baghdad
Emad Hammody Abdulla*, Mena Faiz, Ali Adnan and Zainab Dhiaa
College of Dentistry, Ibn Sina University of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Baghdad, Iraq
*Corresponding Author: Emad Hammody Abdulla, Assistant Professor, College of Dentistry, Ibn Sina University of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Baghdad, Iraq.
Received: September 11, 2021; Published: September 25, 2021


Introduction: The temporomandibular Joints (TMJs) are two joints connecting jawbone to the skull. conditions affecting the TMJ, muscles of mastication and/or associated structures are named the Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). TMDs have a collecting variety of clinical signs and symptoms related to the TMJ and/or the associated structures.

Aim of this Study: The aim of the study was to examine the symptoms of Temporomandibular disorders in Iraqi dental colleges students.

Materials and Methods: Study include hundred dental students from Colleges in Baghdad capital of Iraq. There percentages were as a 28% males and 72% females, their age ranged from 18 to 25 years.

Results: In the study 81% were free of limitation in mouth opening, About 6% of the population had limitation in mouth opening, while 13% sometime suffering from this problem. 82students (82%) had T.M. joint locking, 10% feel sometime and 8% had T.M joint locking. It is clear that the percentage of students suffering from previous two problems was significantly lower than the percentage of student free from these problems. About 5.1% had muscular pain during chewing, 74.7% free of pain and 20.2% feel sometimes. 26.3% of students had frequent headache, neck pain and toothaches while 46.5% free of pain. 7% suffer from pain around ears, cheek and temple.26% noticed T.M.J. clicking while chewing or opening the mouth and 25% feeling sometimes. 11% had arthralgia in other joints of body while 78% free of arthralgia. About 12% of students their jaws get stiff, tights or tired regularly. 5.1% of sample suffered from recent trauma to their head, neck and jaws. 16% felt recent changes in their bite under want orthodontic treatment. 31% considered their self as nervous and 50% had stress. 32% had experience of pain during eruption of wisdom tooth while 49% did not have this experience. the study revealed that only 5.1% received treatment for unexplained pain and jaw joint problems. The results also showed that the 46.9% had some habit such as nail biting, clenching of teeth, chewing gum of them had some kind of TMJ problem.

Conclusion: The symptoms and severity of TMJ could be identified by a simplified questionnaire.

Keywords: Temporomandibular Joints (TMJs); Temporomandibular Disorders (TMDs); Dental College Students


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Citation: Emad Hammody Abdulla., et al. “Symptoms of Temporomandibular Disorders among Dental College Students in Baghdad”. EC Dental Science 20.10 (2021): 123-131.

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