Review Article
Volume 20 Issue 12 - 2021
Bioresorbable Fixation of Facial Trauma: An Overview
Hisham Abbas Komo1*, Marwan Saeed Alazraqi1, Ibrahim Mohammed H Al Yami2, Azhar Ali Eassa Alanazyi2, Isra Abdullah Al Abdulmohsen2, Sakinah Mirza Al Karam2, Mwaed Abdulrazaq Ashri2, Zahra Hassan Alzayer2, Fahad Nayif Aldawood2, Hadeel Mohammed Alfiyadh2, Fahad Dakhel Dakheel Alahmadi3, Fahad Mabruk Naji Alraddadi3, Meshal Awad Alenazi3, Amal Diab O AlAmri4 and Kuthar Hassan Alzaher5

1King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
2Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia
3Taibah University, Saudi Arabia
4King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia
5Vision College, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Hisham Abbas Komo, Registered in Saudi Commission for Health Specialties as Saudi Board of OMFS and King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia.
Received: October 25, 2021; Published: November 25, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: Facial fractures with or without bone displacement are commonly seen in individuals with trauma. The treatment in such cases should consist of repositioning and immobilizing the fractured fragments to restore the function and cosmetic problems. Traditionally, titanium plates were used to immobilize the displaced segments and were considered the' gold standard. However, the recent introduction of bioresorbable plates as a substitute benefits from minimizing the need for the additional surgical procedure of removing the metal plate. Nevertheless, there remain ambiguities regarding the stability of resorbable fixations, the duration needed for their resorption, the risk of foreign body reactions, and some technical obstacles with resorbable plates.

Aim of Work: This review aims at highlighting an overview of the currently available bioresorbable materials and osteofixation systems for facial trauma.

Methodology: The review is a comprehensive research of PUBMED, Google Scholar, and WHO official page from 1966 to 2018.

Conclusion: Many developments have been made in bioresorbable plate systems using bioactive/resorbable osteoconductive materials. We present an overview of presently available resorbable implant materials and their uses in maxillofacial trauma, focusing on recent advancements.

Keywords: Bioresorbable Implants; Titanium Implants; Facial Fracture; Trauma; Bone Healing

References

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Citation: Hisham Abbas Komo., et al. “Bioresorbable Fixation of Facial Trauma: An Overview”. EC Dental Science 20.12 (2021): 31-38.

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