Research Article
Volume 4 Issue 6 - 2020
Comparison of Logit and Probit Models in the Analysis of Severity of Diabetes
Chrysogonus C Nwaigwe*, Alloy C Onyeka and Sabinus N Nwanneako
Department of Statistics, School of Physical Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Chrysogonus C Nwaigwe, Department of Statistics, School of Physical Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.
Received:February 21, 2020; Published: May 08, 2020




Abstract

Recently, diabetes is one of the common and killer diseases in the world. The severity of the disease may depend on the treatment as well as some other factors. This severity may be classified into different categories according to the levels of its complications in the patients. This study is an attempt to investigate the significant factors in severity of diabetes using the logit and probit models and compare results from the two models. The study also seeks to identify the effects of sample size on the estimates of the parameters of the models. The results obtained show that the probit model performed a little better with age as the only significant factor identified in the two models among the factors investigated. The results obtained also show that the efficiency of the coefficients of the logit and probit models increases as the sample size increases.

Keywords: Severity; Diabetes; Logit Model; Probity Model; Sample Size

References

  1. Nwaigwe CC. “Statistical investigation of the significance of gender in determining diabetes type”. FUTO Journal Series 1 (2017).
  2. Adeloye D., et al. “An estimate of the prevalence of hypertension in Nigeria: a systematic review and meta-analysis”. Journal of Hypertension2 (2015): 230-242.
  3. Yates Frank. “The Practice of Statistics”. Wiley Online Library (2003).
  4. Murphy KP., et al. “Cerebral Palsy, Neurogenic Bladder and Outcomes of Lifetime Care”. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 10 (2012): 945-950.
  5. “An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis”. 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc (2007).
  6. Hosmer DW and Stanley L. “Applied Logistic Regression”. Wiley InterScience (Online Service) (2000).
  7. McCullagh P and Nelder JA. “Generalized Linear Models, 2nd edition”. Chapman and Hall/CRC Monographs on Statistics and Applied Probability (1989).
  8. Scott SC., et al. “Statistical assessment of ordinal outcomes in comparative studies”. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 1 (1997): 45-55.
  9. Bender R and Benner A. “Calculating Ordinal Regression Models in SAS and S-Plus”. Biometrica6 (2000).
  10. Bachti A., et al. “The effect of type 2 diabetes mellitus on the presentation and treatment response of pulmonary tuberculosis”. Clinical Infectious Diseases 4 (2007): 428-435.
  11. Alatorre Cantrell RA., et al. “A review of treatment response in type 2 diabetes: Assessing the role of patient heterogeneity”. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism 10 (2010): 845-857.
  12. “Analysis of Ordinal Categorical Data”. 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons Inc (2010).
  13. McCullagh P and Cox DR. “Invariants and Likelihood Ratio Statistics”. Annals of Statistics 4 (1986): 1419-1430.
  14. Allison SD. “A trait-based Approach for Modelling Microbial Littre Decomposition”. Ecology Letters9 (2012): 1058-1070.
  15. James G., et al. “An Introduction to Statistical Learning (8th edition)”. Springer Science+Business Media New York (2017).
  16. Hair JF., et al. “Multivariate Data Analysis”. 7th Edition, Pearson, New York (2010).
  17. Akaike H. "A new look at the statistical model identification". IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control6 (1974): 716-723.
  18. Mcquarrie ADR and Tsai C. “Regression and Time Series Model Selection”. World Scientific Publishing Company, Singapore (1998).
  19. Burnham KP and Anderson DR. “Understanding AIC and BIC in Model Selection”. Sociological Methods and Research2 (2004): 93.
  20. Burnham KP and Anderson DR. “Model Selection and Multimodel Inference: A Practical Information-Theoretic Approach”. Springer Link (2002).
  21. White H. “Asymptotic Theory for Econometricians”. 1st Elsevier (1984).
  22. Neyman EL and Pearson L. “On the Problem of the most efficient Tests of Statistical Hypothesis”. Breakthroughs in Statistics (1933): 73-108.
  23. McCulloch DK., et al. “Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) in diabetes mellitus (Beyond the Basics)”. Wolters (2018).
Citation: Chrysogonus C Nwaigwe., et al. “Comparison of Logit and Probit Models in the Analysis of Severity of Diabetes". EC Nutrition 4.6 (2020): 01-11.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


September Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the September issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before October 06, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.