Systematic Review
Volume 5 Issue 12 - 2021
The Role of Digital Health Applications in Improving Maternal Health: A Study of Various Applications in High-Income Countries and Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMIC) - A Systematic Review

Shafi Bhuiyan1,2*, Housne Begum2,3, Mahima Mehrotra2, Athish Jayakumar2, Mahmudul Mannan2, Afshan Khatoon2, Noof Mohammed2 and Fahim Iqbal2

1University of Toronto, Canada
2Ryerson University, Canada
3McMaster University, Canada
*Corresponding Author: Shafi Bhuiyan, University of Toronto and Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada.
Received: October 26, 2021; Published: November 27, 2021




Abstract

Background: Technology can disseminate information from the farthest reaches of the globe and provide information even in high-resource environments. In recent years, digital technology has had a significant impact on healthcare delivery processes, and this trend is expected to continue in the future. Pregnancy and maternal health are crucial stages in a woman's life, and they need accurate information to ensure a smooth delivery. This article provides insight into the impact of digital applications which use mobile or web-based delivery method to deliver information using web or mobile based interface for maternal health.

Methods: A literature search from databases such as Cochrane, Embase, Medline, PubMed, and Web of Science was conducted to identify and include peer-reviewed articles published from 2011 to 2021. PRISMA flow chart and Mendeley reference manager were used for article screening.

Results: After the screening, nine articles (n = 9) were included for review, with five articles from high-income countries and four from middle-income countries (LMIC) studying effects of mental health information disseminated through digital platforms.

Conclusion: Digital health apps provide a promising forum for sharing knowledge during and after pregnancy. Due to the small sample sizes used in previous research, there is an urgent need to examine the viability of digital applications for a larger group effect.

Keywords: mHealth; eHealth; Digital App; Maternal Health

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Citation: Shafi U Bhuiyan., et al. “The Role of Digital Health Applications in Improving Maternal Health: A Study of Various Applications in High-Income Countries and Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMIC) - A Systematic Review”. EC Emergency Medicine and Critical Care 5.12 (2021): 122-130.

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