Review Article
Volume 5 Issue 12 - 2021
Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Mental and Psychosocial Health of School Going Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review

Shafi U Bhuiyan1,2*, Housne Begum2,3, Anuradha Dhawan2, Samar Elansari2, Adesewa Abolurin2, Shamira Hafiz2, Fouzia Ali2 and Asadullah Dar2

1University of Toronto, Canada
2Ryerson University, Canada
3McMaster University, Canada
*Corresponding Author: Shafi U Bhuiyan, University of Toronto, Canada.
Received: October 26, 2021; Published: November 27, 2021




Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic and the measures governments all over the world have taken for its containment have impacted children of various age groups. Changes in the lives of school going children and adolescents were brought on by the closure of schools and learning spaces, and as a result school going children and adolescents have suffered short and long term implications to their mental and psychosocial health.

Objective: To assess the outcome of COVID-19 pandemic and its containment measures on mental and psychosocial health of school going children due to closure of schools and the learning spaces and to provide recommendations to prevent long term implications of this outcome.

Methods: The authors conducted a systematic review of articles about the mental and psychosocial health of children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic and analyzed major findings in terms of prevalence of various mental and psychosocial variables. The effect of any activities with positive outcomes on the mental or psychosocial health was also studied. Based on the included articles, the authors developed recommendations to mitigate or reduce the adverse effect of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Results: Worldwide, children and adolescents have shown an increase in various mental and psychosocial health challenges, such as depression, anxiety, fear, etc. The closure of schools and lack of physical interaction with peer groups was one major factor for the negative impact to their normal psychological development.

Conclusion: There is an imminent need to develop policies and facilities for reducing these changes and make collaborative teams of teachers, parents, psychologists, physicians and community volunteers to support these children.

Keywords: COVID-19; Mental Health; Psychosocial Health; School-Going Children; Adolescents

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Citation: Shafi U Bhuiyan., et al. “Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Mental and Psychosocial Health of School Going Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review”. EC Emergency Medicine and Critical Care 5.12 (2021): 131-141.

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