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Research Article
Volume 5 Issue 3 - 2020
Cardiovascular Disease Risk Profiles and Associated Factors Among Health Care Workers in Ethiopia
Fitsum Desta Workneh1*, Tewodros Abera Alemneh1 and Bosena Tebeje Gashaw2
1Department of Internal Medicine, Hawassa University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Hawassa, Ethiopia
2College of Health Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Fitsum Desta Workneh, Department of Internal Medicine, Hawassa University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
Received: February 13, 2020; Published: February 29, 2020


Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world accounting for 31% of all deaths globally. It was thought to be the problem of the developed world, but currently becoming a public health concern for the developing countries including for Ethiopia. It is affecting individuals across different walks of life including health care workers (HCWs). However, studies related to the risk and associated factors of CVD specifically among the HCWs are limited to non-existent in Hawassa and Ethiopia. The aim of this study is to examine CVD risk profiles and associated factors among health care workers (HCWs).

Methods: A cross sectional study design and probability sampling technique was employed. Pre-tested, structured, and self-administered survey questionnaire abstracted and adapted from relevant literatures (WHO-STEPS questionnaire) was used to collect the required information. Descriptive statistics was computed to determine the risk profile and P Value < 0.05 and odds ratio with 95% CI was estimated to identify factors associated with certain CVD risks using multivariate logistic regression in the SPSS version 20.0 software.

Results: The prevalence of CVD risk profiles were as follows: nearly a third (30.3%, 95% CI = 24.7, 36.0) had high BMI and 31.9% had hypertension (95% CI = 26.2, 38.0) on physical examination, but only 6(2.4%) reported to have hypertension. Similarly, 5(2.0%) reported to have Diabetes Mellitus, but of the total 112 participants who reported their FBS, 10(3.9%) had Diabetes Mellitus (DM) based on FBS (126 Mg/dl or more) while, many others 142(55.91%) did not know their FBS level. Likewise, only 17(6.7%) of participants knew their lipid status, of which 2 of them had high total cholesterol. Of the total, 120 (47.2%) were physically inactive. Eating meat for 3 or more days per week (AOR = 2.73; 95%CI = 1.57, 4.73), increased age (AOR = 3.03, 95%CI: 1.64, 15.61) and midwifery profession (AOR = 4.74, 95%CI = 1.74, 12.89) have increased risk of High BMI. Similarly, male sexes, increased income, eating animal source butter are associated with hypertension.

Conclusion and Recommendations: Nearly a third had high BMI and hypertension and nearly half were physically inactive. Eating habit, age and profession were associated with high BMI. Similarly, eating habit, sex and income were associated with hypertension. Many participants did not know their B/P, FBS level and lipid status. Therefore, behavior change communications on diet, regular exercise, checking of B/P, blood sugar, and lipid status are recommended.

Keywords: HCWs; Cardiovascular Diseases; Risk Factors; BMI; Hypertension; DM; Ethiopia


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Citation: Fitsum Desta Workneh., et al. “Cardiovascular Disease Risk Profiles and Associated Factors Among Health Care Workers in Ethiopia”. EC Endocrinology and Metabolic Research 5.3 (2020): 01-16.

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