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Research Article
Volume 5 Issue 11 - 2020
Clinical Profile of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Bpkihs, Dharan, Nepal; A Hospital based Cross Sectional Study
Robin Maskey1*, Mathew Abraham Amprayll2, Poonam Lavaju3, Bhupendra Shah4, Bijay Bartaula5, Manish Subedi5 and Sanjib Kumar Sharma6
1Additional Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, BPKIHS, Dharan, Nepal
2Consultant, Department of Internal Medicine, Sunrise Hospital, India
3Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, BPKIHS, Dharan, Nepal
4Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, BPKIHS, Dharan, Nepal
5Ex Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, BPKIHS, Dharan, Nepal
6Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, BPKIHS, Dharan, Nepal
*Corresponding Author: Robin Maskey, Additional Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, BPKIHS, Dharan, Nepal.
Received: September 28, 2020; Published: October 15, 2020


Background and Aims: The time of diagnosis, clinical spectrum and treatment pattern of diabetes mellitus in developing countries might be different from the developed countries. We conducted this study to determine the clinical spectrum, complications and treatment pattern of Nepalese diabetes patients.

Methods: This was a hospital-based cross-sectional study among patients with diabetes mellitus aged 30 years and above conducted for a period of one year at B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.

Results: Of 130 study population, the mean age of presentation was 53 years. Majority of them had sedentary life style (80%), smoker (57%), alcohol consumer (47%), and obese (34%). The mean fasting glucose, postprandial glucose and HbA1C level of the study population were 156 mg/dl (SD-5), 245 mg/dl (SD-89), and 7.67 (SD-1.88) respectively. Retinopathy (8%), dermatological complication (7%) followed Neuropathy (4%) were the common complication among study population.

Conclusion: Majority of diabetes mellitus patient were smoker and unachieved glycemic control. Retinopathy was the commonest complication. Nepalese diabetes patient required counselling regarding life style medication, monitoring of the glycemic control and complications in timely manner.

Keywords: Clinical Profile; Complications; Diabetes Mellitus; Nepal; Retinopathy


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Citation: Robin Maskey., et al. “Clinical Profile of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Bpkihs, Dharan, Nepal; A Hospital based Cross Sectional Study”. EC Endocrinology and Metabolic Research 5.11 (2020): 04-15.

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