Welcoming you for any type of article submission for the upcoming issue on/before February 26, 2021.

Research Article
Volume 5 Issue 11 - 2020
Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic in the Daily Lives of People with Diabetes in India
Subhash Kumar1*, Abhijeet Gupta2, Shivam3 and Anjali Vijaya4
1Diabetologist, Diabetes and Obesity Care Centre, Patna, India
2Diabetologist, Hiranandani Hospital Mumbai, India
3Student, IMS SUM Hospital, Bhubaneswar, India
4Counselor and Diabetes Educator, Diabetes and Obesity Care Centre, Patna, India
*Corresponding Author: Subhash Kumar, Diabetologist, Diabetes and Obesity Care Centre, Patna, India.
Received: October 04, 2020; Published: October 22, 2020


Objective and Aim: The above study is aimed to understand the effect of COVID-19 pandemic in the daily routine of People with Diabetes (PWD) in Indian population and to find out recommendations and interventions to improve self-management and preventive measures in a pandemic situation.

Method: The study was a cross- sectional, observational study using a self-reported questionnaire based survey in People with Diabetes (PWD). A survey was conducted using E-Mail, What’s app and the people visited diabetic OPDs.

Result: Due to lockdown a majority of patients has changed their food habit (50.3%) but didn’t change their medication (68.7%). Due to home isolation during lockdown phase new physical activity like Yoga or Exercise or walking were less in majority of people (64.4%) whereas in house recreation activity were increase in majority of patients (51.3%). Patients who were done at least one blood test daily at home were considered as regular. On the whole, only 32.4% of the participants were checking their blood sugar levels regularly using Self-monitoring blood glucose (SMBG) during the lockdown. When we asked about incapacitated feeling of patients due to diabetes majority of patients denied (65.3%), but 57.7% patients admits about negative thoughts during lockdown period. 21.6% patients were no aware of tele-consultation with doctor if needed and still believed that conventional way to visit the clinic was the only way to consult a clinician.

Conclusion: This is the first study to examining the short-term effects of lockdown on glycemic parameters in diabetes and revels that several factors plays a crucial role in maintaining sugar level. Psychological stress relief, spending quality time with family, improvement in food habits, taking medicine at prescribed times and faster response to hypoglycemia lead to better control glucose level. We proposed to govt. regarding education level of PWD regarding mask, sanitization and vaccination.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus; COVID-19; Pandemic; Self-Management


  1. Chen N., et al. “Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study”. Lancet10223 (2020): 507-513.
  2. Baud D., et al. “Real estimates of mortality following COVID-19 infection”. The Lancet Infectious Diseases 7 (2020): 773.
  3. COVID-19 INDIA.
  4. Badawi A and Ryoo SG. “Prevalence of comorbidities in the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV): a systematic review and meta-analysis”. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 49 (2016): 129-133.
  5. Baud D., et al. “Real estimates of mortality following COVID-19 infection”. The Lancet Infectious Diseases 7 (2020): 773.
  6. Zhu L., et al. “Association of Blood Glucose Control and Outcomes in Patients with COVID-19 and Pre-existing Type 2 Diabetes”. Cell Metabolism 6 (2020): 1068-1077.
  7. Katulanda P., et al. “Prevention and management of COVID-19 among patients with diabetes: an appraisal of the literature”. Diabetologia8 (2020): 1440-1452.
  8. R Allard., et al. “Diabetes and the severity of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) infection”. Diabetes Care7 (2010): 1491-1493.
  9. in. National Telemedicine Portal (2020).
  10. Banerjee D. “The COVID-19 outbreak: Crucial role the psychiatrists can play”. The Asian Journal of Psychiatry 50 (2020): 102014.
  11. Ma RCW and Holt RIG. “COVID-19 and diabetes”. Diabetic Medicine (2020): 1-3.
  12. Hussain A., et al. “COVID-19 and diabetes: knowledge in progress”. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice (2020): 108142.
  13. Berry E., et al. “Diabetes distress: understanding the hidden struggles of living with diabetes and exploring intervention strategies”. Journal of Postgraduate Medicine 1075 (2015): 278-283.
  14. Banerjee M., et al. “Diabetes self-management amid COVID-19 pandemic”. Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome4 (2020): 351-354.
  15. D Roy., et al. “Study of knowledge, attitude, anxiety and perceived mental healthcare need in Indian population during COVID-19 pandemic”. The Asian Journal of Psychiatry 51 (2020): 102083.
  16. Rao PV., et al. “RSSDI consensus on self-monitoring of blood glucose in types 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus in India”. International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries 3 (2018): 260-279.
  17. Gupta R., et al. “Considerations for Patients with Diabetes in Times of COVID-19 epidemic”. Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome3 (2020): 211-212.
  18. Ghosal S., et al. “Estimation of effects of nationwide lockdown for containing coronavirus infection on worsening of glycosylated haemoglobin and increase in diabetes-related complications: a simulation model using multivariate regression analysis”. Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome4 (2020): 319-323.
  19. Paules CI., et al. “Coronavirus Infections-More Than Just the Common Cold”. The Journal of the American Medical Association 8 (2020): 707-708.
  20. Song X., et al. “The role of telemedicine during the COVID-19 epidemic in China-experience from Shandong province”. Critical Care 24 (2020): 178.
  21. https://www.unicef.de/blob/8760/3341eb79ccd721c9d1842ed2fbdd3e98/ar035-unicef-report-on-diarrhoea-and-pneumonia-2012-pdf-data.pdf
Citation: Subhash Kumar., et al. “Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic in the Daily Lives of People with Diabetes in India”. EC Endocrinology and Metabolic Research 5.11 (2020): 39-47.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

December Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the November issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before December 23, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.