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Research Article
Volume 6 Issue 4 - 2021
Hypertension and Diabetes in Women of Reproductive Age in a Rural, Forestry Hilly Region with Low Resources in Context of Consumption of Extra Salt and Mahua (Madhuca longifolia)-Pilot Study
S Chhabra1* and Purohit A2
1Emeritus Professor, Officer on Special Duty, Dr. Sushila Nayar Hospital, Utavali, Melghat, Amravati and Chief Executive Officer, Akanksha Shishugruha, Kasturba Health Society, Sevagram, India
2Senior Resident, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding Author: S Chhabra, Emeritus Professor, Officer on Special Duty, Dr. Sushila Nayar Hospital, Utavali, Melghat, Amravati and Chief Executive Officer, Akanksha Shishugruha, Kasturba Health Society, Sevagram, India.
Received: March 09, 2021; Published: March 25, 2021




Abstract

Background: For healthy life, right food, life style are essential, specially for prevention of hypertension diabetes but challenges are many. Not much is known about rural, tribal women who live in extreme poverty.

Objective: Study was conducted to know about hypertension, diabetes amongst rural, tribal women in context of consumption of Mahua (Madhuca longifolia) and extra Salt.

Materials and Methods: Information about consumption of Mahua and extra salt was collected from rural tribal women of 20 to 49 years, randomly minimum 10 from each villages, 1200 study subjects in 100 villages. Blood pressure, blood sugar were estimated, if higher were confirmed at health facility.

Results: Of 1200 study subjects, 587 had Mahua trees in their backyards, 613 (51.1%) collected Mahua from outskirts, total 909 (75.8%) consumed Mahua, 5.4% as alcoholic beverage, 94.6% in other forms like roasted, boiled, as desert etc. 14.2% of them had hypertension, 11.6% diabetes. Of 291 who did not consume Mahua, 11.3% had hypertension, 7.9% diabetes. Of 49 who consumed Mahua as alcoholic beverage, 6.1% and of 860 who consumed Mahua in other forms 11.5% had hypertension, 4.0% of 49 and 10.5% of 860 had diabetes. Of 1200 subjects, 1082 (90.2%) had extra salt with meals, 11.6% had hypertension, 9.3% had diabetes. Of 118 who did not consume salt, 8.5% had hypertension, 6.8% diabetes.

Conclusion: Consumption of Mahua was more in other forms than alcoholic beverage. Hypertension and diabetes were more when Mahua was consumed in other forms. Many had hypertension and diabetes as Mahua was consumed with extra salt, probably the protective effect of Mahua was countered because of extra salt. Studies are needed.

Keywords: Women; Reproductive Age; Diabetes; Hypertension; Extra Salt; Mahua

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Citation: S Chhabra and Purohit A. “Hypertension and Diabetes in Women of Reproductive Age in a Rural, Forestry Hilly Region with Low Resources in Context of Consumption of Extra Salt and Mahua (Madhuca longifolia)-Pilot Study”. EC Endocrinology and Metabolic Research 6.4 (2021): 01-14.

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