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Research Article
Volume 6 Issue 5 - 2021
An Observational Study to Evaluate Relative Prevalence of PCOS among Young Girls
Prakash Kumar Prusty*
Consultant Physician and Diabetologist, Cuttack, Odisha, India
*Corresponding Author: Prakash Kumar Prusty, Consultant Physician and Diabetologist, Cuttack, Odisha, India.
Received: April 28, 2021; Published: April 28, 2021




Abstract

Objective: Among women of reproductive age most common complex endocrine disorder is polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). The main objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate relative prevalence and symptomatology of PCOS among young girls.

Materials and Methods: This was an observational retrospective study conducted in a tertiary care clinic at Cuttack, Odisha. Patients clinical record were used to fetch the clinical data. For making clinical diagnosis of PCOS no universally accepted validated tool available. If all three elements of Rotterdam criteria were present, final diagnosis of PCOS was made.

Results: A total 350 young girl with mean age 17.4 ± 1.3 years were finally eligible for this retrospective analysis. 7 (2%) patients were presented with hirsutism only and 15 (4.29%) of patients presented with irregular menses or oligo or anovulation. Whereas 20 (5,71%) of patients were presented with both. Among other endocrinological abnormalities hair loss or alopecia and acne were found in 76 (21.71%) and in 287 (82%) respectively. 8.57% were the prevalence of PCOS among the young girls (Table 3). Presence of PCOS were strongly associated with waist hip ratio ≥ 0.85 (< 0.0001) and BMI ≥ 25 (P value < 0.0001) among all the risk factors. 4% subjects were aware of PCOS (health seeking behavior).

Conclusion: Among the adolescent and young girls, Polycystic ovary syndrome is fast attaining epidemic proportion, which is related to the increasing stress and sedentary lifestyle and increasing trends of metabolic syndrome. From this study, it is concluded that only 24% of girls were aware of PCOS and 8.57% were the prevalence of PCOS among the young girls. To prevent long term consequences of metabolic syndrome timely intervention and Identifying women for PCOs is necessary.

 

Keywords: Endocrinopathy; PCOS; Menstrual Irregularity; Rotterdam Criteria

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Citation: Prakash Kumar Prusty. “An Observational Study to Evaluate Relative Prevalence of PCOS among Young Girls”. EC Gastroenterology and Digestive System 6.5 (2021): 25-30.

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