Review Article
Volume 7 Issue 3 - 2020
Tribal Differences in Bangladesh in the Selection of Medicinal Plants for Treatment of Gastrointestinal Disorders: A Short Review
Rownak Jahan1, Aynal Haque Rana2, Nargis Ara3, Khoshnur Jannat1, Tohmina Afroze Bondhon1 and Mohammed Rahmatullah1*
1Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, University of Development Alternative, Bangladesh
2Human Biology Programme, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
3Department of Pharmacy, University of Development Alternative, Bangladesh
*Corresponding Author: Mohammed Rahmatullah, Professor and Dean, Faculty of Life Sciences, Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, University of Development Alternative, Lalmatia, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Received: December 19, 20199; Published: February 06, 2020




Abstract

Diarrhea and dysentery along with other gastrointestinal tract (GI-tract) disorders are fairly common throughout Bangladesh because of lack of quality drinking water, poor sanitation facilities, and somewhat unhygienic mode of living among the poorer but majority sections of the population. Modern medical facilities are largely unavailable to the rural population, and more so among the different tribal population scattered throughout the country. Previous surveys have indicated that the tribal population relies heavily on phytotherapeutic treatment of GI-tract disorders, the tribal medicine (TM) treatment being administered by their own tribal medicinal practitioners (TMPs) similar to folk medicine (FM) and folk medicinal practitioners (FMPs). In this review, we analyze the plants used against several GI-tract disorders by TMPs of three different tribal populations of the country, namely the Chakma tribe residing in Rangamati district in the southeast, the Mandai tribe living largely in Tangail district in the center, and the Santal tribe living in Rajshahi district in the northwest part of the country. It can be seen clearly that the three tribes used different plants for treatment of the same disorder. The review analyzes possible causes for the observed differences. The number of plants available to treat a particular disorder highlights the richness of the floral species of Bangladesh enabling the various TMPs to select different plants or combination of plants. Overall, it can be stated that the plants present rich potential for not only discovery of new drugs but also which can be used as effective and affordable herbal medicines against several GI-tract disorders.

Keywords: GI-Tract Disorders; Phytotherapy; Chakma; Mandai; Santal

References

  1. Roy RD. “Country Technical Notes on Indigenous Peoples’ Issues: People’s republic of Bangladesh” (2012).
  2. Anonymous. “Bangladesh Statistics 2017”. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Statistics and Informatics Division (SID), Ministry of Planning (2017).
  3. Rahmatullah M., et al. “A survey of medicinal plants used by folk medicinal practitioners for treatment of gastrointestinal disorders in randomly selected areas of four districts of Bangladesh”. Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences 4.2 (2010): 139-147.
  4. Das PR., et al. “A selection of medicinal plants used for treatment of diarrhea by folk medicinal practitioners of Bangladesh”. American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 6.3 (2012): 153-161.
  5. Shakera J., et al. “Folk medicine in Bangladesh: Healing with plants by a practitioner in Kushtia district”. Archives of Pharmacy and Pharmacology Research 1.5 (2019)
  6. Malek I., et al. “Medicinal plants used by the Mandais - a little known tribe of Bangladesh”. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicine 9.4 (2012): 536-541.
  7. Islam B., et al. “Holarrhena antidysenterica (Linn.) Wall. (Apocynaceae) - A plant for gastrointestinal disorders”. EC Gastroenterology and Digestive System 5.6 (2018): 437-443.
  8. Patwary SA., et al. “Folk medicinal plants for treatment of gastrointestinal tract disorders in two villages of Bangladesh”. EC Gastroenterology and Digestive System 6.12 (2019): 1-4.
  9. Howlader MS., et al. “Some medicinal plants used for treatment of diarrhea and dysentery by folk medicinal practitioners in Chandpur district, Bangladesh”. Archives of Natural and Medicinal Chemistry 4 (2019): 1022.
  10. Biswas AC., et al. “Folk medicinal practice in Dhaka city - the capital of Bangladesh”. International Journal of Current Multidisciplinary Studies 5.10A (2019): 1119-1122.
  11. Mollik MAH., et al. “A comparative analysis of medicinal plants used by folk medicinal healers in three districts of Bangladesh and inquiry as to mode of selection of medicinal plants”. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 8 (2010): 195-218.
  12. Cristina da Silva T., et al. “What factors guide the selection of medicinal plants in a local pharmacopoeia? A case study in a rural community from a historically transformed Atlantic forest landscape”. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (2018).
  13. Rahman MA and Rashid ME. “Status of endemic plants of Bangladesh and conservation management strategies”. International Journal of Environment 2.1 (2013): 231-249.
  14. Rodionova OM., et al. “The Role of Ecological Factors in Acute Enteric Infection Morbidity of Population of the People's Republic of Bangladesh”. Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med Journal 27.1 (2019): 68-72.
  15. Tasannun I., et al. “Indigenous medicinal practices: medicinal plants of Chakma tribal medicinal practitioners in Rangamati district”. American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 9.5 (2015): 28-35.
  16. Rahmatullah M., et al. “Medicinal plants and formulations used by the Soren clan of the Santal tribe in Rajshahi district, Bangladesh for treatment of various ailments”. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicine 9.3 (2012): 350-359.
  17. Khatun MA., et al. “Climate of Bangladesh”. MET Report, Norwegian Meteorological Institute.
  18. Petroni LM., et al. “Medicinal plants in the diet of woolly spider monkeys (Brachyteles arachnoids, E. Geoffroy, 1806) - a bio-rational for the search of new medicines for human use?” Brazilian Journal of Pharmacognosy 27.2 (2017): 135-142.
  19. Huffman MA., et al. “Seasonal trends in intestinal nematode infection and medicinal plant use among chimpanzees in the Mahale mountains, Tanzania”. Primates 38.2 (1997): 111-125.
  20. Cousins D and Huffman MA. “Medicinal properties in the diet of gorillas: an ethno-pharmacological evaluation”. African Study Monographs 23.2 (2002): 65-89.
  21. Leonti M., et al. “Medicinal plants of the Populaca, Mexico: Organoleptic properties as indigenous selection criteria”. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 81.3 (2002): 307-315.
  22. Zahan T., et al. “Ethnobotanical uses of medicinal plants by the Tudu sub-clan of the Santal tribe in Joypurht district of Bangladesh”. American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 7.3 (2013): 137-142.
  23. Chandra D and Prasad K. “Phytochemicals of Acorus calamus (Sweet flag)”. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies 5.5 (2017): 277-281.
  24. Pan C., et al. “Phytochemical constituents and pharmacological activities of plants from the genus Adiantum: A review”. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research 10.5 (2011): 681-692.
  25. Jaitak V., et al. “New hopane triterpenes and antioxidant constituents from Potentilla fulgens”. Natural Product Communications 5.10 (2010): 1561-1566.
  26. Vedpal., et al. “Ethnopharmacological and phytochemical profile of three potent Desmodium species: Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC, Desmodium triflorum Linn and Desmodium triquetrum Linn”. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research 8.7 (2016): 91-97.
  27. Berköz M., et al. “Investigation of the effect of hyperforin and hypericin on inflammatory response in in RAW 264.7 macrophages”. VAN Tip Dergisi Medical Journal 25.2 (2018): 124-131.
  28. Shah SB and Hanauer SB. “Treatment of diarrhea in patients with inflammatory bowel disease: concepts and cautions”. Reviews in Gastroenterological Disorders 7.3 (2007): S3-S10.
  29. Dateshidze L. “About high potent efficacy of FLEBIL in pharmacotherapy of hemorrhoidal disease associated with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)”. Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Research 5.4 (2017): 207.
  30. Kim JE., et al. “Quercetin promotes gastrointestinal motility and mucin secretion in loperamide-induced constipation of SD rats through regulation of the mAChRs downstream signal”. Pharmaceutical Biology 56.1 (2018): 309-317.
  31. Dulbecco P and Savarino V. “Therapeutic potential of curcumin in digestive diseases”. World Journal of Gastroenterology 19.48 (2013): 9256-9270.
  32. Patwary SA., et al. “Folk medicinal plants for treatment of gastrointestinal disorders in two villages of Bangladesh”. EC Gastroenterology and Digestive System 6.12 (2019): 1-4.
  33. Kekuda TRP., et al. “A comprehensive review on the ethnobotanical uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological activities of Smilax zeylanica L. (Smilacaceae)”. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research 10.9 (2018): 55-63.
  34. Huang C-H., et al. “Diosgenin attenuates allergen-induced intestinal inflammation and IgE production in a murine model of food allergy”. Planta Medica 75.12 (2009): 1300-1305.
  35. Pavithra PS., et al. “Antibacterial and antioxidant activity of methanol extract of Evolvulus nummularius”. Indian Journal of Pharmacology 41.5 (2009): 233-236.
  36. Dinda B., et al. “Chemical constituents of Evolvulus nummularius”. Indian Journal of Chemistry 46B (2007): 492-498.
  37. Saqib F and Janbaz KH. “Rationalizing ethnopharmacological uses of Alternanthera sessilis: A folk medicinal plant of Pakistan to manage diarrhea, asthma and hypertension”. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 182 (2016): 110-121.
  38. Kumar YS and Das S. “Evaluation of anti-diarrhoeal property of crude aqueous extract of Alternanthera sessilis Linn”. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Innovations 3.3 (2013): 110-115.
  39. Daswani PG., et al. “Antidiarrhoeal activity of Zingiber officinale (Rosc.)”. Current Science 98.2 (2010): 222-229.
  40. Shahed-Al-Mahmud M., et al. “In vivo anti-diarrheal activity of methanolic extract of Streblus asper leaves stimulating the Na+/K+-ATPase in Swiss albino rats”. Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry (2018)
  41. Rastogi S., et al. “Streblus asper Lour. (Shakhotaka): A review of its chemical, pharmacological and ethnomedicinal properties”. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 3.2 (2006): 217-222.
  42. Socca EA., et al. “P-255 therapy with lupeol, a natural pentacyclic triterpenoid, attenuates intestinal inflammation in rat”. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 23.1 (2017): S83-S84.
  43. Das S., et al. “Antidiarrhoeal effects of methanolic root extract of Hemidesmus indicus (Indian sarsaparilla) - An in vitro and in vivo study”. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 41 (2003): 363-366.
  44. Hasan S. “Pharmacological and medicinal uses of Achyranthes aspera”. International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology 3.1 (2014): 123-129.
  45. Bhosale UA., et al. “Effect of aqueous extracts of Achyranthes aspera Linn. on experimental animal model for inflammation”. Ancient Science of Life 31.4 (2012): 202-206. 
  46. Sharma SK., et al. “A new aliphatic acid from Achyranthes aspera Linn. roots”. Indian Journal of Chemistry 48B (2009): 1164-1169.
  47. Singh A and Navneet. “Ethnomedicinal, pharmacological properties and phytochemistry of Sida spinosa Linn. A mini review”. The Journal of Phytopharmacology 7.1 (2018): 88-91.
  48. Shah SMA., et al. “Monograph of Holarrhena antidysenterica (Linn.) Wall”. International Journal of Phytomedicine 2 (2010): 345-348.
  49. Islam B., et al. “Holarrhena antidysenterica (Linn.) Wall. (Apocynaceae) - A plant for gastrointestinaql disorders”. EC Gastroenterology and Digestive System 5.6 (2018): 437-443.
  50. Al-Snafi AE. “The pharmacological importance of Benincasa hispida. A review”. International Journal of Pharma Sciences and Research 4.12 (2013): 165-170.
  51. Kharat AR., et al. “Identification of chemical compounds from the Cassia sophera”. Indo American Journal of Pharmaceutical Research 3.2 (2013): 1762-1768.
  52. Sundaramoorthy S., et al. “A phytopharmacological review on Cassia species”. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Research 8.5 (2016): 260-264. 
  53. Srivastava RK., et al. “Chemical constituents and biological activities of promising aromatic plant Nagarmotha (Cyperus scariosus R.Br.): A review”. Proceedings of Indian National Science Academy 80.3 (2014): 525-536.
Citation: Mohammed Rahmatullah., et al. “Tribal Differences in Bangladesh in the Selection of Medicinal Plants for Treatment of Gastrointestinal Disorders: A Short Review”. EC Gastroenterology and Digestive System 7.3 (2020): 01-10.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


November Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the November issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before December 15, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.