Review Article
Volume 7 Issue 3 - 2020
Tribal Differences in Bangladesh in the Selection of Medicinal Plants for Treatment of Gastrointestinal Disorders: A Short Review
Rownak Jahan1, Aynal Haque Rana2, Nargis Ara3, Khoshnur Jannat1, Tohmina Afroze Bondhon1 and Mohammed Rahmatullah1*
1Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, University of Development Alternative, Bangladesh
2Human Biology Programme, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
3Department of Pharmacy, University of Development Alternative, Bangladesh
*Corresponding Author: Mohammed Rahmatullah, Professor and Dean, Faculty of Life Sciences, Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, University of Development Alternative, Lalmatia, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Received: December 19, 20199; Published: February 06, 2020


Diarrhea and dysentery along with other gastrointestinal tract (GI-tract) disorders are fairly common throughout Bangladesh because of lack of quality drinking water, poor sanitation facilities, and somewhat unhygienic mode of living among the poorer but majority sections of the population. Modern medical facilities are largely unavailable to the rural population, and more so among the different tribal population scattered throughout the country. Previous surveys have indicated that the tribal population relies heavily on phytotherapeutic treatment of GI-tract disorders, the tribal medicine (TM) treatment being administered by their own tribal medicinal practitioners (TMPs) similar to folk medicine (FM) and folk medicinal practitioners (FMPs). In this review, we analyze the plants used against several GI-tract disorders by TMPs of three different tribal populations of the country, namely the Chakma tribe residing in Rangamati district in the southeast, the Mandai tribe living largely in Tangail district in the center, and the Santal tribe living in Rajshahi district in the northwest part of the country. It can be seen clearly that the three tribes used different plants for treatment of the same disorder. The review analyzes possible causes for the observed differences. The number of plants available to treat a particular disorder highlights the richness of the floral species of Bangladesh enabling the various TMPs to select different plants or combination of plants. Overall, it can be stated that the plants present rich potential for not only discovery of new drugs but also which can be used as effective and affordable herbal medicines against several GI-tract disorders.

Keywords: GI-Tract Disorders; Phytotherapy; Chakma; Mandai; Santal


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Citation: Mohammed Rahmatullah., et al. “Tribal Differences in Bangladesh in the Selection of Medicinal Plants for Treatment of Gastrointestinal Disorders: A Short Review”. EC Gastroenterology and Digestive System 7.3 (2020): 01-10.

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