Mini Review
Volume 8 Issue 11 - 2021
Obesity, Overweight, and the Microbiome
Álvaro Zamudio Tiburcio1*, Nydia Ávila Vanzzini2, Silverio Alonso López3 and María Magdalena Aguirre-García4
1Gastroenterologist, Intestinal Microbiota Transplantation, Pennsylvania, Naples Neighborhood, ZIP City Hall Benito Juárez, (Medical Specialties Naples), Mexico City, Mexico
2Physician of the Department of Outpatient Care, National Institute of Cardiology Ignacio Chávez, Mexico City, Mexico
33Urologist, Chairman Medical Specialties, Naples neighborhood, Mexico City, Mexico
4Unidad de Investigación UNAM-INC, División de Investigación, Facultad deMedicina, Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez, Ciudad de México, México
*Corresponding Author: Álvaro Zamudio Tiburcio, Gastroenterologist, Intestinal Microbiota Transplantation, Pennsylvania, Naples neighborhood, ZIP City Hall Benito Juárez, (Medical Specialties Naples), Mexico City, Mexico.
Received: September 01, 2021; Published: October 18, 2021




Abstract

Overweight and obesity, among the most common diseases in the world, contribute to other pathological conditions including cardiovascular disease, cancer, and metabolic syndrome. Excess corporal fat results from an imbalance between energy intake and expenditure, which involves diet and exercise as well as the possible participation of genetics and environmental factors. Overweight and obesity produce changes in the gut microbiota because of altering intestinal permeability (endo-toxemia), stimulating the endocannabinoid system, and increasing the provision of calories. All these alterations must be considered in a treatment strategy to return a patient to homeostasis. The aim of the present study was to analyze the gut microbiota in relation to overweight and obesity in order to explore strategies to reduce excess fat by restoring microbiota homeostasis. Such strategies have the potential not only of improving the health of individuals, but also of enabling enormous savings in the health care system.

Keywords: Obesity; Overweight; Microbiome; Intestinal Microbiota; Fecal Microbiota Transplantation; Intestinal Microbiota Transplantation

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Citation: Álvaro Zamudio Tiburcio., et al. “Obesity, Overweight, and the Microbiome”. EC Gastroenterology and Digestive System 8.11 (2021): 20-26.

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