Research Article
Volume 8 Issue 11 - 2021
Prevalence of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and its Relationship with Overweight

Edgar Ramiro Changoluisa Paredes1*, Bustos Fraga César Santiago1, Silva Tirado Mónica Paulina2, Salinas Villacís Juan Gonzalo3, Pérez Cedeño Connie Jasmín3, Valdospin Sánchez Karen Victoria3, Changoluisa Barahona Cynthia Belén4, Changoluisa Barahona Edgar Steven4, Cela Atencio Pablo Esteban4 and Mise Cruz Ana Gabriela4

1Gastroenterologist Doctor, Hospital Instituto Ecuatoriano de Seguridad Social IESS, Ambato, Ecuador
1Gastroenterologist Doctor, Hospital General Docente de Calderón, Quito, Ecuador
2Internist Doctor, Hospital Instituto Ecuatoriano de Seguridad Social IESS, Ambato, Ecuador
3Gastroenterology Resident, Hospital Instituto Ecuatoriano de Seguridad Social IESS, Ambato, Ecuador
4General Rural Doctor, Ecuador
*Corresponding Author: : Edgar Ramiro Changoluisa Paredes. Hospital Instituto Ecuatoriano de Seguridad Social IESS, Ambato, Ecuador.
Received: August 25, 2021; Published: October 28, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: Overweight and obesity is one of the great global pandemics; its liver disease is fatty liver, which could progress to chronic liver disease such as cirrhosis and hepatocarcinoma; hence the importance of its prevalence, and high impact on Ecuadorian morbidity and mortality.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of NAFLD, related to overweight in outpatients of the Metropolitan Hospital of Quito, in a period of 6 months.

Methodology: A cross-period analytical epidemiological study was carried out in outpatients who attend the Metropolitan Hospital of Quito under the modality of a medical check-up.

 Results: The prevalence of fatty liver according to sonography was 37%. When comparing nutritional status and fatty liver, the overweight and obesity group had 51.7%; according to age in > 50 years they predominate with 44.4%; by gender, men stand out with 74%; and in relation to physical exercise, the patients who performed did not present fatty liver with 67.2%.

Conclusion: It is concluded that there is a high prevalence of NAFLD related to overweight and obesity, predominantly in the male gender; In addition, as age advances, they are prone to acquire this liver disease. NAFLD can be evaluated in the majority of patients with high sensitivity and specificity through hepatic sonography and the INDEX biochemical test. (HSI); An adequate healthy lifestyle that includes physical activity (exercise) reduces the risk of suffering from non-alcoholic fatty liver.

Keywords: Obesity; Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD); Hepatic Echosonography (Ultrasound); Hepatic Steatosis Index (HSI); Transaminases; Steatohepatitis; Cirrhosis; Hepatocarcinoma

References

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Citation: Edgar Ramiro Changoluisa Paredes., et al. “Prevalence of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and its Relationship with Overweight”. EC Gastroenterology and Digestive System 8.11 (2021): 84-90.

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