Research Article
Volume 9 Issue 1 - 2022
Bacterial Infection in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis: Experience of the Hepato-Gastroenterology Department of Casablanca University Hospital
Nacer S*, El Rhaoussi FZ, Tahiri M, Haddad F, Hliwa W, Bellabah A and Badre W
Gastroenterology Department, University Hospital Ibn Rochd, Casablanca, Morocco
*Corresponding Author: Nacer S, Gastroenterology Department, University Hospital Ibn Rochd, Casablanca, Morocco.
Received: October 26, 2021; Published: December 30, 2021


Background and Aim: Bacterial infection is a complication that occurs frequently in patients with liver cirrhosis. Several factors are known to facilitate a bacterial infection. The aim of this study was to identify predictive factors for bacterial infection in patients with liver cirrhosis.

Methods: There was a retrospective study that enrolled a total of 330 patients with liver cirrhosis hospitalized in our department from 2018 to 2020. Clinical, biological and bacteriological data were analyzed.

Results: 125 patients were found with bacterial infection. The most common infections were urinary tract infections (n = 49,39%), SBP (26,4%) and pneumonia (12%), and bacteremia (1,6%). Microbiological cultures were positive in 41,6%. The most commonly isolated were Enterobacteriaceae. The predictive factors for bacterial infection were: decompensated cirrhosis (P < 0.0001), presence of ascites (P = 0.002) and variceal bleeding (P = 0.0003).

Conclusion: This study confirms that bacterial infections are frequent in patient with liver cirrhosis. We must actively search infections in all hospitalized patients with liver cirrhosis especially when its decompensated.


Keyword: Bacterial Infection; Liver Cirrhosis


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Citation: Nacer S., et al. “Bacterial Infection in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis: Experience of the Hepato-Gastroenterology Department of Casablanca University Hospital”. EC Gastroenterology and Digestive System 9.1 (2022): 09-13.

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