Research Article
Volume 9 Issue 3 - 2021
Prevalence of Amoebiasis and Other Intestinal Parasites among Children Attending Plateau State Specialist Hospital Jos, Nigeria
Ezeanyagu Oluchi1, Obeta Uchejeso2*, Ejinaka Obiora1, Agbalaka Priscilla1, John Paul1, Deko Bola3 Saul Amunum1, Bala Yusuf3, Rose Joshua-Ojokpe2 and Haruna Hafsat1
1Department of Medical Parasitology and Entomology, Federal School of Medical Laboratory Science, Jos-Nigeria
2Department of Medical Laboratory Management, Federal School of Medical Laboratory Science, Jos-Nigeria
3Department of Histopathology, Federal School of Medical Laboratory Science, Jos-Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Obeta Uchejeso, Department of Medical Laboratory Management, Federal School of Medical Laboratory Science, Jos-Nigeria.
Received: November 22, 2021; Published: February 25, 2022




Abstract

Introduction: Amoebiasis is a disease condition caused by the protozoan parasite called Entamoeba spp. This disease is a major public health challenge in developing countries, Nigeria for example. The record is alarming to the extent that up to 450 million persons are infected yearly, with up to 50 million incidence, and about 100,000 death tolls. Amoebiasis has a wide spread distribution globally. Poor personal hygiene, poor attitude to environmental sanitation, and overcrowding in addition to ignorance are contributing factors that increase the incidence and prevalence of amoebiasis.

Objective: The study was to determine the prevalence of amoebiasis and other incidental intestinal parasites among children visiting Plateau Hospital.

Methodology: 100 children of age less than 12years were recruited for the study. Stool samples were collected into an adequate container for the study and immediately transported to the laboratory. The study was done using microscopic examination of normal saline and iodine concentration methods for testing the presence of Entamoeba spp. and other intestinal parasites.

Result: Out of the 100 samples examined, intestinal parasite were observed in 13 samples giving a prevalence of 13.0%, and that of amoebiasis was 13 (13%) and other non-amoebic infections 23 (23%). Both Entamoeba coli 9 (9.0%), Ascaris lumbricoides, 9 (9.0%) and Hookworm 8 (8.0%), while 5 (5.0%) Trichuris trichiura and Entamoeba histolytica 4 (4.0) were the intestinal parasites and their prevalence that were observed using wet preparation. Male were more susceptible than females (24% vs 12% respectively) and participants of age < 4years (14%) were most susceptible followed by those of 4 - 7years (12%).

Conclusion: The study showed a slight significant prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection in general but very low prevalence of amoebiasis among children with males and those with the age 4 - 7yr being the most significantly susceptible groups to intestinal parasitic infection. This calls for improvement in parental care, environmental hygiene, personal hygiene washed and well cooked vegetables, access to clean water and Government interventions like public education and awareness creation and effectiveness of treatments.

 

Keywords: Amoebiasis; Intestinal Parasites; School Children; Jos

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Citation: Obeta Uchejeso., et al. “Prevalence of Amoebiasis and Other Intestinal Parasites among Children Attending Plateau State Specialist Hospital Jos, Nigeria”. EC Gastroenterology and Digestive System 9.3 (2021): 01-07.

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