Case Report
Volume 9 Issue 12 - 2020
The Impact of BMI in Pregnant Women on the Perinatal Outcome, Laboratory Parameters, Length of Breastfeeding and Weight Gain during the First Year of Life
Marjana Jerković Raguž1, Sanja Džida1* and Katica Pavlović2
1Pediatrician, Department of Neonatology and Intensive Care Unit, Clinic for Children’s Diseases, University Clinical Hospital Mostar, Medical Doctor, Faculty of Medicine, University of Mostar, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2Urologist, Clinic for Urology, University Clinical Hospital, Medical Doctor, Faculty of Medicine, University of Mostar, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
*Corresponding Author: Sanja Džida, Pediatrician, Department of Neonatology and Intensive Care Unit, Clinic for Children’s Diseases, University Clinical Hospital Mostar, Medical Doctor, Faculty of Medicine, University of Mostar, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Received: July 01, 2020; Published: November 07, 2020




Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study is to establish whether a women’s BMI during pregnancy affects perinatal outcome, length of hospitalization, metabolic disorders (hypoglycaemia, hypocalcaemia) and the decision on the length and duration of breastfeeding in region. This study will show whether a difference exists in the birth mass and weight gain the first year of life.

Methods: The subject research is a prospective cohort study on 128 pregnant women and their newborn according to the body mass index of the pregnant women before delivery. The control group, 65 (BMI > 25.0 kg/m2) and the study group, 63 (BMI > 25.0 kg/m2) women and in their newborns.

Results: No statistically significant difference was found either in the prenatal outcome or the biochemical parameter with respect to the pregnant women’s BMI. Statistically significant difference was found neither in the prenatal outcome, biochemical parameters considering the pregnant women’s BMI. The newborn study group was hospitalized for a longer period (t = -3,104; p = 0,002). There was no statistically significant difference in breastfeeding between the groups.

Conclusion This study is that elevated BMI in pregnancy does not increase the frequency of the tested biochemical disorders in the newborn or excessive weight gain in the first year of life. At 18 months, the presented results show that the percentage of mothers who breastfed is approximately the same in both groups (7.9% vs. 4.6%) and that there was no statistically significant difference in the beginning, length and intensity between the groups of women according to their BMI.

Keywords: BMI; Pregnancy; Breastfeeding; Weight Gain

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Citation: Shafi U Bhuhiyan., et al. “A Contemporary Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews on the Safety and Efficacy of the Pharmacological Treatments of COVID-19” EC Gynaecology 9.12 (2020): 01-09.

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