Research Article
Volume 10 Issue 10 - 2021
Assessment of Knowledge Regarding Iron Deficiency Anemia and Urinary Tract Infections during Pregnancy among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic in Omdurman Maternity Hospital-Sudan in 2019
Rawya Ismail Mohamed Elbakri*, Amna Muawia Eltayeb Ahmed and Einas Ahmed Abdelraheem Hassan
Community Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Sudan
*Corresponding Author: Rawya Ismail Mohamed Elbakri, Community Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Sudan.
Received: September 17, 2021; Published: September 22, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: Anemia is the most frequent derailment of physiology in the world throughout the life of a woman it's one of the world's leading cause of disability and thus one of the most serious global public health issues. After anemia, urinary tract infections are the second common complications in pregnant women, which if not controlled well, can adversely affect the health of infant or the pregnant mother. Detection and treatment of iron deficiency anemia and urinary tract infections remains an important clinical problem due to the potential risk to the mother and the fetus. So engagement of women in tackling this problem is crucial.

Objectives: The aim was to assess the level of knowledge of iron deficiency and urinary tract during pregnancy among pregnant women in Omdurman Maternity Hospital of Khartoum State, Sudan.

Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional facilitated basic study conducted in Omdurman Maternity Hospital in Khartoum State, Sudan by using a close ended questionnaire that showed the demographic data and knowledge of participants regarding iron deficiency anemia and urinary tract infections during pregnancy. Data was collected between Jan-Feb, 2019 from 384 participants and their data with high confidentiality was analyzed by SPSS.

Results: Of the 384 participants, the majority of participants had poor knowledge regarding iron deficiency anemia (76.8%) and urinary tract infections (59.9%) during pregnancy. The study also revealed significant association between the level of knowledge about iron deficiency anemia and educational level (p < 0.001), residency (p = 0.006) and occupation (p < 0.001). It also revealed significant association between level of knowledge regarding urinary tract infections and age (p = 0.002), educational level (p < 0.001) and occupation (p = 0.002).

Conclusion: The majority of participants had poor knowledge regarding iron deficiency anemia and urinary tract infections during pregnancy and this knowledge is strongly affected by age, educational level, residency and occupation.

Keywords: Iron; Deficiency; Anemia; Urinary; Infections; Pregnancy

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Citation: Rawya Ismail Mohamed Elbakri., et al. “Assessment of Knowledge Regarding Iron Deficiency Anemia and Urinary Tract Infections during Pregnancy among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic in Omdurman Maternity Hospital-Sudan in 2019”. EC Gynaecology 10.10 (2021): 106-121.

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