Editorial
Volume 10 Issue 10 - 2021
Fear and Anxiety of Pregnant Women in the COVID-19 Pandemic Era
Kosar Qaderi1* and Hojjatollah Farahani2
1Ph.D. in Reproductive Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Iran
2Department of Psychology, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Kosar Qaderi, Ph.D. in Reproductive Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
Received: August 20, 2021; Published: September 28, 2021




The emergence of COVID-19 and the public health consequences of this pandemic was devastating [1] and have caused fear, anxiety and worry among people around the world, although the psychosocial aspect has not yet been wholly addressed [2]. Worldwide, as of August 18, 2021, approximately 208 million infections (confirmed cases) and 4.37 million deaths have been reported to the WHO [3]. Constant exposure to information about epidemics and unanswered questions such as when pandemics end and treatment methods, quarantine and isolation, and their effects on social relationships can have a detrimental effect on mental health [1,4]. These disruptions have had a significant impact on the health, safety, and well-being of individuals. In addition to the fear of the virus itself, the uncertainty caused by the closure of educational centers, services, stores and many other occupations has caused a social and economic crisis, which has a serious impact on people’s mental health [1].

References

  1. Esteban-Gonzalo S., et al. “Anxiety and Worries among Pregnant Women during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Multilevel Analysis”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health13 (2021).
  2. Ahorsu DK., et al. “Associations between fear of COVID-19, mental health, and preventive behaviours across pregnant women and husbands: an actor-partner interdependence modelling”. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction (2020): 1-15.
  3. WHO Coronavirus (COVID-19) Dashboard (2021).
  4. Geren A., et al. “Does time change the anxiety and depression scores for pregnant women on Covid‐19 pandemic?” Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research (2021).
  5. Tzur Bitan D., et al. “Fear of COVID-19 scale: Psychometric characteristics, reliability and validity in the Israeli population”. Psychiatry Research 289 (2020): 113100.
  6. Asai K., et al. “Fear of novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) among pregnant and infertile women in Japan”. Journal of Affective Disorders Reports 4 (2021): 100104.
  7. Ayaz R., et al. “Anxiety and depression symptoms in the same pregnant women before and during the COVID-19 pandemic”. Journal of Perinatal Medicine9 (2020): 965-970.
  8. Rajkumar RP. “COVID-19 and mental health: A review of the existing literature”. Asian Journal of Psychiatry 52 (2020): 102066.
  9. Zeng LN., et al. “Comment: Mental health care for pregnant women in the COVID-19 outbreak is urgently needed”. Women Birth3 (2021): 210-211.
  10. Costa ML., et al. “Facing the COVID-19 pandemic inside maternities in Brazil: A mixed-method study within the REBRACO initiative”. PloS one7 (2021): e0254977.
  11. Hashim M., et al. “Impact of coronavirus 2019 on mental health and lifestyle adaptations of pregnant women in the United Arab Emirates: a cross-sectional study”. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth1 (2021): 515.
  12. Handling the COVID-19 outbreak in the UAE (2021).
  13. Saccone G., et al. “Psychological impact of coronavirus disease 2019 in pregnant women”. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology2 (2020): 293-295.
  14. Zhang Y and ZF Ma. “Psychological responses and lifestyle changes among pregnant women with respect to the early stages of COVID-19 pandemic”. International Journal of Social Psychiatry4 (2021): 344-350.
  15. Derya YA., et al. “Pregnancy and birth planning during COVID-19: the effects of tele-education offered to pregnant women on prenatal distress and pregnancy-related anxiety”. Midwifery 92 (2021): 102877.
  16. Esteban-Gonzalo S., et al. “Anxiety and Worries among Pregnant Women during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Multilevel Analysis”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health13 (2021): 6875.
  17. Evenson KR., et al. “Guidelines for physical activity during pregnancy: comparisons from around the world”. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine2 (2014): 102-121.
  18. VanKim NA and TF Nelson. “Vigorous physical activity, mental health, perceived stress, and socializing among college students”. American Journal of Health Promotion1 (2013): 7-15.
  19. Biviá-Roig G., et al. “Analysis of the impact of the confinement resulting from COVID-19 on the lifestyle and psychological wellbeing of Spanish pregnant women: an Internet-based cross-sectional survey”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health16 (2020): 5933.
Citation: Kosar Qaderi and Hojjatollah Farahani. “Fear and Anxiety of Pregnant Women in the COVID-19 Pandemic Era”. EC Gynaecology 10.10 (2021): 122-124.

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