Research Article
Volume 10 Issue 11 - 2021
Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Health Care during Pregnancy among Sudanese Women in Omdurman Maternity Hospital of Khartoum State, Sudan, in 2019
Einas Ahmed Abdelraheem Hassan*, Amna Muawia Eltayeb Ahmed and Rawya Ismail Mohamed Elbakri
Community Medicine Department, University of Khartoum, Sudan
*Corresponding Author: Einas Ahmed Abdelraheem Hassan, Community Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Omdurman, Khartoum, Sudan.
Received: September 21, 2021; Published: October 12, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman by sexual intercourse or assisted reproductive technology. Also, it is considered as a hazardous condition for the life of the expecting mothers and their children who lack awareness about healthy pregnancy course and factors that affect their own health, so engagement of women in tackling this problem is crucial.

Objectives: The aim was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of the pregnant women toward their health care in Omdurman Maternity Hospital of Khartoum State, Sudan.

Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional facilitated based study conducted in Omdurman Maternity Hospital of Khartoum State, Sudan by using a closed ended questionnaire that showed the demographic data and parity status of the participants and their knowledge, attitude and practice regarding their health care during pregnancy. Data was collected between January and February 2019, from 384 participants.

Results: Of the 384 questionnaires, 64.8% had an average knowledge, 61.7% had an average attitude and 75.3% had an average practice regarding their health care during pregnancy. There was no association between the parity status and the knowledge (p = 0.7), attitude (p = 0.5) and practice (p = 0.4) of health care among pregnant women. Maternal educational level was significantly associated with their knowledge (p = 0.02) and attitude (p = 0.001) regarding their health care during pregnancy. There was association between the knowledge of health care during pregnancy and the attitude (p = 0.001). The study has found a statistical association between the practice and attitude (p = 0.002) of pregnant women regarding their health care during pregnancy.

Conclusion: The majority of pregnant women had average and poor knowledge, attitude and practice towards their health care during pregnancy. However, the practice of health care was comparatively in better position. Also, the study showed the importance of the educational level as a major factor in the knowledge and attitude of health care during pregnancy.

Keywords: Knowledge; Attitude; Practice; Health Care; Pregnancy; Sudan

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Citation: Einas Ahmed Abdelraheem Hassan., et al. “Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Health Care during Pregnancy among Sudanese Women in Omdurman Maternity Hospital of Khartoum State, Sudan, in 2019”. EC Gynaecology 10.11 (2021): 01-18.

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