Research Article
Volume 10 Issue 11 - 2021
Factors Associated with Perinatal Outcomes of Severe Preeclampsia in Mothers Admitted to a Regional Hospital in Senegal
Diallo FB, Bah MB, Thiam O, Balde EY, Balde AT, Camara A*, Balde MA, Sylla IS and Kallo AO
Cardiac Service, Ignace Deen CHU, Conakry, Guinea
*Corresponding Author: Diallo FB, Cardiac Service, Ignace Deen CHU, Conakry, Guinea.
Received: September 13, 2021; Published: October 12, 2021


Introduction: PE still remains a public health problem, due to its consequences on both the fetus and the mother. The main objective of this study was to assess the perinatal consequences of preeclampsia and to analyze the associated risk factors.

Materials and Methods: This was a prospective, descriptive and analytical study carried out in the maternity unit of the Ndioum regional hospital over a period of 17 months from November 11, 2012 to April 6, 2014.

Results: The epidemiological profile was that of a primigest (51.2%), young (mean age = 23.24 ± 5.93 years) discharged for severe preeclampsia with a DBP ≥100mmhg (62.2%) and whose proteinuria is greater than 3 crosses (59.8%) at the BU. The vaginal route was the preferred method of delivery (69.5%). The main maternal complications were represented by eclampsia (46.3%); followed by HELLP syndrome (20.7%). Parenteral calcium channel blockers were the most prescribed drugs (95.1%) followed by magnesium sulfate (81.7%). Perinatal complications were dominated by IUGR (40.2%); followed by respiratory distress (32.9%) and prematurity (31.2%). Low birth weight and newborn resuscitation were correlated with a risk of neonatal death with a P value of 0.019 and 0.044, respectively.

Conclusion: The perinatal complications of preeclampsia are considerable. Therefore, prevention through quality prenatal follow-up must be instituted for early detection, in order to improve the neonatal prognosis in the short and medium term.

Keywords: Preeclampsia; Perinatal; Associated Factors; Senegal


  1. Bouet PE., et al. “Management of a patient with preeclampsia”. Practitioner Review 64 (2014): 1145-1152.
  2. Boiro D., et al. “Pre-eclampsia: what complications in the newborn”. Journal of Pediatrics and Child Care 31 (2018): 282-286.
  3. Diouf AA., et al. “Epidemiological profile and management of eclampsia in Senegal: about 62 cases”. Pan-Africanism Medical Journal 16 (2013): 83.
  4. “Randomized trial of low dose aspirin for primiparae in pregnancy. The Jamaica Low Dose Aspirin Study Group”. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 105 (1998): 293-299.
  5. Visser W and Wallenbourg HCSA. “Comparison between the haemodynamic effect of oral nifedipine and intravenous dihydralazine in patients with severe eclampsia”. Journal of Hypertension 13 (1995): 791-795.
  6. Cissé CT., et al. “Preeclampsia in an African environment: epidemiology and prognosis at the Dakar University Hospital”. The Gynecologist's Letter 301 (2005).
  7. Mounier-Vehier C., et al. “Hypertension in pregnancy: what the cardiologist needs to know”. Cardiological Realities 303 (2014).
  8. Schiff E., et al. “Fetal lung maturity is not accelerated in preeclamptic pregnancies”. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 191 (2004): 1414-1417.
  9. Cissé CT BASA and Ndiaye MF. “Arterial hypertension of pregnant women in Black Africa”. Sem Hop 71 (1995): 167-177.
Citation: Diallo FB., et al. “Factors Associated with Perinatal Outcomes of Severe Preeclampsia in Mothers Admitted to a Regional Hospital in Senegal”. EC Gynaecology 10.11 (2021): 19-24.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

October Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the October issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before October 26, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to