Review Article
Volume 17 Issue 9 - 2021
Osteoarthritis-Diagnosis, and Management
Norah Abdulaziz Alhatim1*, Rayan Jahz Naja Alotaibi2, Faisal Sadiq Alessa3, Rana Hatim Nakiti4, Rasha Khaled Sendy5, Hassan Mohammed Osman6, Omnyia Ismail Moafa7, Ahad Fahd Alquthami8, Ahad Mohammed Alwagdani8, Faraaz Adil Sanai5 and Mohammad Zain Raddadi9
1King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
3Dammam Medical Complex, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
4Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
5King Fahad General Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
6Vhi Swiftcare Clinics, Swords, Dublin, Ireland
7Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
8Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
9Al-Fath Primary Health Care Center, Medina, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Norah Abdulaziz Alhatim, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Received: July 25, 2021; Published: August 25, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: 300 million people throughout the world are affected by osteoarthritis, and it is mostly seen in older individuals decreasing their quality of life due to increased pain and loss of function. The etiology of OA is much more complicated and involves inflammatory and metabolic factors. A thorough understanding of the pathophysiology of the disease has opened doors to various novel treatment approaches which can be more cost-efficient and conservative for the patient.

Aim of the Study: This review article aims at highlighting an overview of and an update on the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and novel treatment approach for Osteoarthritis.

Methodology: This review is a comprehensive research of PUBMED and Google Scholar from the years 1993 - 2020.

Conclusion: In recent times, Osteoarthritis has become a pernicious condition that tends to decrease the quality of life due to the severe pain and deformation in the joints, which inhibits the patient from performing his daily activities. The improved diagnostic modalities have helped to provide a better understanding of the various stages of the disease. A comprehensive treatment plan with a multidisciplinary approach helps in a faster recovery for the patient. More focus should be put on various treatment developments in order to decrease the recovery time and allowing the patient to resume his normal activities sooner.

Keywords: Osteoarthritis; Obesity; Total Knee Replacement; Acetaminophen

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Citation: Norah Abdulaziz Alhatim., et al. “Osteoarthritis-Diagnosis, and Management” EC Microbiology 17.9 (2021): 09-17.

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