Review Article
Volume 18 Issue 8 - 2022
Phytochemical and Pharmacological Profile of the Magical Medicinal Herb: Kalanchoe pinnata
Vipin Kumar Pandey, Prem Prakash Singh, Ramji Swarnkar and Alok Kumar Mahor*
Institute of Pharmacy, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi, India
*Corresponding Author: Alok Kumar Mahor, Institute of Pharmacy, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi, India.
Received: May 19, 2022; Published: July 19, 2022




Abstract

Kalanchoe pinnata is found mainly in the plains, tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Australia and the United States and is widely used in medicine to treat various ailments. This includes its use in the treatment of bacterial infections in cuts and wounds and is used externally to heal wounds and reduce fever, vomiting, ear pain, smallpox, cough and headache. The genus Kalanchoe contains about 125 species of tropical, nutritious flowering plants of the Convolvulaceae family. In many parts of the world, the Kalanchoe species is primarily an ornamental and indoor plant, but some have escaped extinction and can be found in the wild and are widely known as the ‘Christmas tree plant’. It is a perennial shrub that grows to a height of 1 to 1.5 m. These plants are grown as ornamental plants. In the past, the genus was divided into three categories: Kalanchoe, Bryophyllum and Kitchingia. Phytochemicals such as phenols, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, triterpenoids, glycosides, carbohydrates, sterols and amino acids are found in these extracts of plant leaves. The juice from the fresh leaves is used to treat vomiting, earache, smallpox, cough, asthma, allergies, diarrhea, blood clots, jaundice, gout, headaches, convulsions and general degeneration. A study was being conducted to investigate the mutagenic and antimutagenic activity of juice extraction from this plant. The review describes the folklore use of the plant in many disorders and discusses the various phytochemicals responsible for the pharmacological actions.

Keywords: Kalanchoe; Bryophyllum; Plant Extract; Pharmacological; Phytochemical

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Citation: Alok Kumar Mahor., et al. “Phytochemical and Pharmacological Profile of the Magical Medicinal Herb: Kalanchoe pinnata”. EC Microbiology 18.8 (2022): 25-40.

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