Volume 18 Issue 9 - 2022
Use of Microorganisms as Catalyst- Bioelectrochemical Devices
Christine Bodell and Mahnaz Mazaheri Assadi*
Environmental Engineering, Science and Management, Engineering for Professionals, Johns Hopkins University, Whiting School of Engineering, Baltimore, MD, USA
*Corresponding Author: Mahnaz Mazaheri Assadi, Environmental Engineering, Science and Management, Engineering for Professionals, Johns Hopkins University, Whiting School of Engineering, Baltimore, MD, USA.
Received: August 01, 2022; Published: August 17, 2022

Microbial fuel cells

Microbial fuel cells (MFC) are bioelectrochemical devices that utilize microbes as catalysts for converting chemical energy in organic feedstock directly into electricity [1]. The utilization of MFCS offer a number of potential benefits that can result in eco-friendly fuel alternatives/supplementation, waste management, bioremediation, biosensors, etc [2]. Despite a multitude of promising studies, MFC development advancement is limited by low power generation, expensive electrode materials, and the inability to scale up MFCs to industrially relevant capacities [3]. Additionally, many factors impact the performances and power generation of MFCs, including electrode material, anode/cathode chamber materials, proton exchange system (PES) properties, pH, temperature and the MFC configuration [4]. Finding a balance between efficiency, cost, and application has resulted in the creation of several different types of MFCs.


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  2. Koroglu EO., et al. “Scale-Up and Commercialization Issues of the MFCs”. Microbial Electrochemical Technology (2019): 565-583.
  3. Slate AJ., et al. Microbial fuel cells: An overview of current technology (2018).
  4. Obileke K., et al. “Microbial fuel cells, a renewable energy technology for bio -electricity generation: A mini-review”. Electrochemistry Communications 125 (2021): 107003.
  5. Cao Y., et al. Electricigens in the anode of microbial fuel cells: Pure cultures versus mixed communities (2019).
  6. Kumar R., et al. “Microbial Fuel Cells: Types and Applications”. Waste Biomass Management – A Holistic Approach (2017): 367-384.
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  10. Estrada-Arriaga EB., et al. Assessment of a novel single-stage integrated dark fermentation- microbial fuel cell system coupled to proton-exchange membrane fuel cell to generate bio-hydrogen and recover electricity from wastewater (2021).
  11. Kadier A., et al. A comprehensive review of microbial electrolysis cells (MEC) reactor designs and configurations for sustainable hydrogen gas production (2015).
  12. Ieropoulos I., et al. Pee power urinal - Microbial Fuel Cell Technology for sanitation and electricity generation (2019).
  13. Walter XA., et al. “PEE POWER® urinal II - Urinal scale-up with microbial fuel cell scale-down for improved lighting”. Journal of Power Sources 392 (2018): 150-158.
  14. Tremouli A., et al. “Investigation of ceramic MFC stacks for urine energy extraction”. Bioelectrochemistry 123 (2018): 19-25.
  15. Mathuriya AS. “Commercialization Aspects of Microbial Fuel Cells”. Progress and Recent Trends in Microbial Fuel Cells (2018): 433-449.
  16. Santoro C., et al. “Urine in Bioelectrochemical Systems: An Overall Review”. Chem Electro Chem6 (2020): 1312-1331.
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  18. United States Demographic Statistics. (n.d.).
  19. Larsen TA and Gujer W. “Separate management of anthropogenic nutrient solutions (human urine)”. Water Science and Technology3-4 (1996): 87-94.
Citation: Christine Bodell and Mahnaz Mazaheri Assadi. “Use of Microorganisms as Catalyst- Bioelectrochemical Devices”. EC Microbiology 18.9 (2022): 01-05.

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