Review Article
Volume 12 Issue 9 - 2020
Mobile Phone and Mental Health: Iron Cut the Iron
Vivek K Chaturvedi1, Divya Mishra2, MP Singh1,2*, Payal Singh3 and Sachchida Nand Rai1*
1Centre of Biotechnology, University of Allahabad, Prayagraj, India
2Centre of Bioinformatics, University of Allahabad, Prayagraj, India
3Department of Zoology, MMV, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
*Corresponding Author: Sachchida Nand Rai, Centre of Biotechnology, University of Allahabad, Prayagraj, India..
Received: July 08, 2020; Published: August 18, 2020




Abstract

In recent time peoples become addicted to smartphones that also hamper the social interactions among individuals. It may cause severe anxiety and depressive symptoms betwixt young adolescents. It worsens the loneliness and ultimately affects the wellbeing and social behavior among populations. Thus, the correlation between mobile phone addiction and depressive symptoms is quite startling. Therefore, an educated person might understand the depressive situation and get rid of it better. But the big concern is towards uneducated ones, who do not see the consequences of depressive conditions and become mentally sick over time. Likewise, in erudite individuals having a high risk of depression compared to literate peoples. To overcome the difficulty of smartphones over usage, a well-defined program and organization of effective presentations provide a better awareness among untaught individuals. Several studies have shown that excess usage harms individuals’ eyesight, hearing, and postures. The maladaptive behaviors of phone use may lead to the more enormous consequences of anxiety and depression among users. Moreover, various financed and private platforms are needed to cooperate with this situation via different strategies that might help affect an individual’s mental health. There have numbers of mobile apps and tools are available that are beneficial to manage anxious and depressive behaviors in populations. These apps and tools also play an essential role in maintaining the current pandemic condition among COVID-19 patients. This review article covers clinical trials that have performed so far and suggested directions for prospective trials.

Keywords: Smartphone; Adolescents; Anxiety; Depression; Mobile Apps; Mental Health

References

  1. Thomée S., et al. “Mobile phone use and stress, sleep disturbances, and symptoms of depression among young adults--a prospective cohort study”. BMC Public Health 11 (2011): 66.
  2. Shoukat S. “Cell phone addiction and psychological and physiological health in adolescents”. EXCLI Journal 18 (2019): 47‐50.
  3. McBride DL. “Risks and benefits of social media for children and adolescents”. Journal of Pediatric Nursing 26 (2011): 498‐499.
  4. Hardell L. “Effects of Mobile Phones on Children's and Adolescents' Health: A Commentary”. Child Development 89 (2018): 137‐140.
  5. Love T., et al. “Neuroscience of Internet Pornography Addiction: A Review and Update”. Behavioral Science 5 (2015): 388‐433.
  6. Pantic I. “Online social networking and mental health”. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking 17 (2014): 652‐657.
  7. Twenge JM and Campbell WK. “Media Use Is Linked to Lower Psychological Well-Being: Evidence from Three Datasets”. Psychiatry Q 90 (2019): 311‐331.
  8. Daniels WM., et al. “The effect of electromagnetic radiation in the mobile phone range on the behaviour of the rat”. Metabolic Brain Disease 24 (2009): 629‐641.
  9. Saikhedkar N., et al. “Effects of mobile phone radiation (900 MHz radiofrequency) on structure and functions of rat brain”. Journal of Neurology Research 36 (2014): 1072‐1079.
  10. Rağbetli MC., et al. “Effect of prenatal exposure to mobile phone on pyramidal cell numbers in the mouse hippocampus: a stereological study”. International Journal of Neuroscience 119 (2009): 1031‐1041.
  11. Fragopoulou AF., et al. “Hippocampal lipidome and transcriptome profile alterations triggered by acute exposure of mice to GSM 1800 MHz mobile phone radiation: An exploratory study”. Brain and Behavior 8 (2018): e01001.
  12. Foerster M., et al. “Impact of Adolescents' Screen Time and Nocturnal Mobile Phone-Related Awakenings on Sleep and General Health Symptoms: A Prospective Cohort Study”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16 (2019): 518.
  13. Hale L., et al. “Youth Screen Media Habits and Sleep: Sleep-Friendly Screen Behavior Recommendations for Clinicians, Educators, and Parents”. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America 27 (2018): 229‐245.
  14. Fuller C., et al. “Bedtime Use of Technology and Associated Sleep Problems in Children”. Global Pediatric Health (2017).
  15. Falbe J., et al. “Sleep duration, restfulness, and screens in the sleep environment”. Pediatrics 135 (2015): 368-375.
  16. De Alarcón R., et al. “Online Porn Addiction: What We Know and What We Don't-A Systematic Review”. Journal of Clinical Medicine 8 (2019): 91.
  17. Do KY and Lee KS. “Relationship between Problematic Internet Use, Sleep Problems, and Oral Health in Korean Adolescents: A National Survey”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15 (2018): 1870.
  18. Zisapel N. “New perspectives on the role of melatonin in human sleep, circadian rhythms and their regulation”. British Journal of Pharmacology 175 (2018): 3190‐3199.
  19. Cheung CHM., et al. “Daily touchscreen use in infants and toddlers is associated with reduced sleep and delayed sleep onset”. Scientific Reports 7 (2017): 1-7.
  20. Figueiro M and Overington D. “Self-luminous devices and melatonin suppression in adolescents”. Lighting Research and Technology 48 (2015): 966-975.
  21. Zou L., et al. “Mediating Effect of Sleep Quality on the Relationship Between Problematic Mobile Phone Use and Depressive Symptoms in College Students”. Frontiers in Psychiatry 10 (2019): 822.
  22. Tao S., et al. “Effects of Sleep Quality on the Association between Problematic Mobile Phone Use and Mental Health Symptoms in Chinese College Students”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14 (2017): 185.
  23. Lemola S., et al. “Adolescents' electronic media use at night, sleep disturbance, and depressive symptoms in the smartphone age”. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 44 (2015): 405‐418.
  24. Cha SS and Seo BK. “Smartphone use and smartphone addiction in middle school students in Korea: Prevalence, social networking service, and game use”. Health Psychology Open (2018).
  25. Ikeda K and Nakamura K. “Association between mobile phone use and depressed mood in Japanese adolescents: a cross-sectional study”. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 19 (2014): 187‐193.
  26. Alhassan AA., et al. “The relationship between addiction to smartphone usage and depression among adults: a cross sectional study”. BMC Psychiatry 18 (2018): 148.
  27. Xie H., et al. “Impact of problematic mobile phone use and insufficient physical activity on depression symptoms: a college-based follow-up study”. BMC Public Health 19 (2019): 1640.
  28. Durusoy R., et al. “Mobile phone use, school electromagnetic field levels and related symptoms: a cross-sectional survey among 2150 high school students in Izmir”. Environmental Health 16 (2017): 51.
  29. Babadi-Akashe Z., et al. “The Relationship between Mental Health and Addiction to Mobile Phones among University Students of Shahrekord”. Iran Addict Health 6 (2014): 93‐99.
  30. De-Sola J., et al. “Development of a Mobile Phone Addiction Craving Scale and Its Validation in a Spanish Adult Population”. Front Psychiatry 8 (2017): 90.
  31. Shoukat S. “Cell phone addiction and psychological and physiological health in adolescents”. EXCLI Journal 18 (2019): 47‐50.
  32. Huckins JF., et al. “Fusing Mobile Phone Sensing and Brain Imaging to Assess Depression in College Students”. Frontiers in Neuroscience 13 (2019): 248.
  33. Gao T., et al. “The influence of alexithymia on mobile phone addiction: The role of depression, anxiety and stress”. Journal of Affective Disorders 225 (2018): 761‐766.
  34. Tamura H., et al. “Association between Excessive Use of Mobile Phone and Insomnia and Depression among Japanese Adolescents”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14 (2017): 701.
  35. Višnjić A., et al. “Relationship between the Manner of Mobile Phone Use and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in University Students”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15 (2018): 697.
  36. Park SY., et al. “Long-Term Symptoms of Mobile Phone Use on Mobile Phone Addiction and Depression Among Korean Adolescents”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16 (2019): 3584.
  37. Lapierre MA., et al. “Short-Term Longitudinal Relationships Between Smartphone Use/Dependency and Psychological Well-Being Among Late Adolescents”. Journal of Adolescent Health 65 (2019): 607‐612.
  38. Lissak G. “Adverse physiological and psychological effects of screen time on children and adolescents: Literature review and case study”. Environmental Research 164 (2018): 149‐157.
  39. Liu J., et al. “Prolonged mobile phone use is associated with depressive symptoms in Chinese adolescents”. Journal of Affective Disorders 259 (2019): 128‐134.
  40. Saeb S., et al. “Mobile Phone Detection of Semantic Location and Its Relationship to Depression and Anxiety”. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 5 (2017): e112.
  41. Saeb S., et al. “Mobile Phone Sensor Correlates of Depressive Symptom Severity in Daily-Life Behavior: An Exploratory Study”. Journal of Medical Internet Research 17 (2015): e175.
  42. Thomée S. “Mobile Phone Use and Mental Health. A Review of the Research That Takes a Psychological Perspective on Exposure”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15 (2018): 2692.
  43. Sohn S., et al. “Correction to: Prevalence of problematic smartphone usage and associated mental health outcomes amongst children and young people: a systematic review, meta-analysis and GRADE of the evidence”. BMC Psychiatry 19 (2019): 397.
  44. Kim SG., et al. “The relationship between smartphone addiction and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity in South Korean adolescents”. Annals of General Psychiatry 18 (2019): 1.
  45. Seki T., et al. “Relationship between internet addiction and depression among Japanese university students”. Journal of Affective Disorders 256 (2019): 668‐672.
  46. Vernon L., et al. “Mobile Phones in the Bedroom: Trajectories of Sleep Habits and Subsequent Adolescent Psychosocial Development”. Child Development 89 (2018): 66‐77.
  47. Iyengar MS., et al. “Development and usability of a mobile tool for identification of depression and suicide risk in Fiji”. Technology and Health Care (2020).
  48. Iyengar K., et al. “COVID-19 and applications of smartphone technology in the current pandemic”. Diabetology and Metabolic Syndrome 14 (2020): 733-737.
  49. J Torous and M Keshavan. “COVID-19, mobile health and serious mental illness”. Schizophrenia Research (2020).
  50. Bardram J and Mati A. “A decade of ubiquitous computing research in mental health”. IEEE Pervasive Computing 19 (2020): 62-72.
  51. Torous J., et al. “Mental health mobile phone app, usage, concerns, and benefits among psychiatric outpatients: comparative survey study”. JMIR Mental Health: JMH 5 (2018): e11715.
  52. Ben-Zeev D., et al. “CrossCheck: integrating self-report, behavioral sensing, and smartphone use to identify digital indicators of psychotic relapse”. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal 40 (2017): 266-275.
  53. Berman AH., et al. “Reducing Risky Alcohol Use via Smartphone App Skills Training Among Adult Internet Help-Seekers: A Randomized Pilot Trial”. Frontiers in Psychiatry 11 (2020): 434.
  54. Haeger JA., et al. “Utilizing ACT daily as a self-guided app for clients waiting for services at a college counseling center: A pilot study”. Journal of American College Health (2020): 1-8.
  55. Huckins JF., et al. “Mental Health and Behavior During the Early Phases of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Mobile Smartphone and Ecological Momentary Assessment Study in College Students”. Journal of Medical Internet Research (2020).
  56. Kim H., et al. “Possible Application of Ecological Momentary Assessment to Older Adults' Daily Depressive Mood: Integrative Literature Review”. JMIR Mental Health: JMH 7 (2020): e13247.
  57. Jannati N., et al. “Effectiveness of an app-based cognitive behavioral therapy program for postpartum depression in primary care: A randomized controlled trial”. International Journal of Medical Informatics 141 (2020): 104145.
  58. Gao W., et al. “Development and pilot testing a self-reported pediatric PROMIS app for young children aged 5-7 years”. The Journal of Pediatric Nursing 53 (2020): 74-83.
  59. Lee RA and Jung ME. “Evaluation of an mHealth app (Destressify) on university students' mental health: pilot trial”. JMIR Mental Health: JMH 5 (2018): e2.
  60. Carey TA., et al. “MindSurf: a pilot study to assess the usability and acceptability of a smartphone app designed to promote contentment, wellbeing, and goal achievement”. BMC Psychiatry 16 (2016): 442.
  61. Kuhn E., et al. “A randomized controlled trial of a smartphone app for posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms”. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 85 (2017): 267-273.
  62. Roepke AM., et al. “Randomized controlled trial of SuperBetter, a smartphone-based/Internet-based self-help tool to reduce depressive symptoms”. Games for Health Journal 4 (2015): 235-246.
  63. Stiles-Shields C., et al. “Behavioral and cognitive intervention strategies delivered via coached apps for depression: pilot trial”. Psychological Services 16 (2019): 233-238.
  64. Flett JAM., et al. “Mobile mindfulness meditation: a randomised controlled trial of the effect of two popular apps on mental health”. Mindfulness 10 (2019): 863-876.
  65. Kinderman P., et al. “The feasibility and effectiveness of Catch It, an innovative CBT smartphone app”. BJPsych Open Journal Impact 2 (2016): 204-209.
  66. Christoforou M., et al. “Two new cognitive behavioral therapy-based mobile apps for agoraphobia: randomized controlled trial”. Journal of Medical Internet Research 19 (2017): e398.
  67. Bakker D., et al. “A randomized controlled trial of three smartphone apps for enhancing public mental health”. Behaviour Research and Therapy 109 (2018): 75-83.
  68. Huberty J., et al. “Efficacy of the Mindfulness Meditation Mobile App “Calm” to Reduce Stress Among College Students: Randomized Controlled Trial”. JMIR MHealth and UHealth 7 (2019): e14273.
Citation: Sachchida Nand Rai., et al. “Mobile Phone and Mental Health: Iron Cut the Iron”. EC Neurology 12.9 (2020): 50-60.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


July Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the July issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for upcoming Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before August 09, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to editor@ecronicon.uk