Editorial
Volume 13 Issue 10 - 2021
Acute-Onset Polyneuropathy Associated with SARS-CoV-2
Shan Liu1 and Hong-Liang Zhang2*
1Department of Neurology, First Hospital, Jilin University, Changchun, China
2Department of Life Sciences, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Beijing, China
*Corresponding Author: Hong-Liang Zhang, Department of Life Sciences, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Beijing, China.
Received: August 14, 2021; Published: September 25, 2021




The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV)-2 that turned up in late 2019 is highly transmissible and marks the third zoonotic introduction of a highly pathogenic coronavirus into the human population [1]. The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 has caused the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and has a disruptive impact on health and socioeconomics. The SARS-CoV-2, concordant with SARS-CoV-1 and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, belongs to the beta-coronaviruses family, which mainly infects the human respiratory system [2]. As the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 has a receptor-binding domain with a stronger binding affinity for the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) in the host cell surface, SARS-CoV-2 has higher transmissibility than SARS-CoV-1 [3]. The fusion of cell and membrane of SARS-CoV-2 is further facilitated by cleavage processing of the spike protein via the transmembrane protease serine 2 protease and cathepsin L host protease [2].

References

  1. Hu B., et al. “Characteristics of Sars-Cov-2 and Covid-19”. Nature Reviews Microbiology3 (2021): 141-154.
  2. Harrison AG., et al. “Mechanisms of Sars-Cov-2 Transmission and Pathogenesis”. Trends in Immunology12 (2020): 1100-1115.
  3. Zhang H., et al. “Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 (Ace2) as a Sars-Cov-2 Receptor: Molecular Mechanisms and Potential Therapeutic Target”. Intensive Care Medicine4 (2020): 586-590.
  4. Mao L., et al. “Neurologic Manifestations of Hospitalized Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Wuhan, China”. JAMA Neurology6 (2020): 683-690.
  5. Zhou Z., et al. “Understanding the Neurotropic Characteristics of Sars-Cov-2: From Neurological Manifestations of Covid-19 to Potential Neurotropic Mechanisms”. Journal of Neurology8 (2020): 2179-2184.
  6. Johansson A., et al. “Neurological Manifestations of Covid-19: A Comprehensive Literature Review and Discussion of Mechanisms”. Journal of Neuroimmunology 358 (2021): 577658.
  7. Chen R., et al. “The Spatial and Cell-Type Distribution of Sars-Cov-2 Receptor Ace2 in the Human and Mouse Brains”. Frontiers in Neurology 11 (2020): 573095.
  8. Hess DC., et al. “Covid-19-Related Stroke”. Translational Stroke Research 3 (2020): 322-325.
  9. Uncini A., et al. “Guillain-Barré Syndrome in Sars-Cov-2 Infection: An Instant Systematic Review of the First Six Months of Pandemic”. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry 10 (2020): 1105-1110.
  10. Leonhard SE., et al. “Diagnosis and Management of Guillain-Barré Syndrome in Ten Steps”. Nature Reviews Neurology11 (2019): 671-683.
  11. Willison HJ., et al. “Guillain-Barré Syndrome”. Lancet 10045 (2016): 717-727.
  12. Mohammadi S., et al. “Understanding the Immunologic Characteristics of Neurologic Manifestations of Sars-Cov-2 and Potential Immunological Mechanisms”. Molecular Neurobiology 12 (2020): 5263-5275.
  13. Dotan A., et al. “The Sars-Cov-2 as an Instrumental Trigger of Autoimmunity”. Autoimmunity Reviews 4 (2021): 102792.
  14. Gigli GL., et al. “Guillain-Barré Syndrome in the Covid-19 Era: Just an Occasional Cluster?”. Journal of Neurology 4 (2021): 1195-1197.
  15. Tatu L., et al. “Guillain-Barré Syndrome in the Covid-19 Era: Another Occasional Cluster?”. Journal of Neurology 4 (2021): 1198-1200.
  16. Filosto M., et al. “Guillain-Barré Syndrome and Covid-19: An Observational Multicentre Study from Two Italian Hotspot Regions”. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry 7 (2021): 751-756.
  17. Keddie S., et al. “Epidemiological and Cohort Study Finds No Association between Covid-19 and Guillain-Barré Syndrome”. Brain2 (2021): 682-693.
  18. Abu-Rumeileh S., et al. “Guillain-Barré Syndrome Spectrum Associated with Covid-19: An up-to-Date Systematic Review of 73 Cases”. Journal of Neurology 4 (2021): 1133-1170.
  19. Zhou C., et al. “Critical Illness Polyneuropathy and Myopathy: A Systematic Review”. Neural Regeneration Research 1 (2014): 101-110.
  20. Frithiof R., et al. “Critical Illness Polyneuropathy, Myopathy and Neuronal Biomarkers in Covid-19 Patients: A Prospective Study”. Clinical Neurophysiology 7 (2021): 1733-1740.
  21. Vanhorebeek I., et al. “Icu-Acquired Weakness”. Intensive Care Medicine 4 (2020): 637-653.
Citation: Shan Liu and Hong-Liang Zhang. “Acute-Onset Polyneuropathy Associated with SARS-CoV-2”. EC Neurology 13.10 (2021): 74-77.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


October Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the October issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before November 01, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to editor@ecronicon.uk