Review Article
Volume 14 Issue 7 - 2022
How does a Brain Chemical Command Gloom and Bloom?
Raghavendra Rao MV1*, MM Karindas2, Ilie Vasiliev3, Mahendra Kumar Verma4, Jerryson A Gidisu5, Dilip Mathai6, Srikanth Bhandari7 and Mubasheer Ali8
1Scientist-Emeritus, Department of Medicine, Apollo Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Hyderabad, TS, India
2Professor, Department of Oncology, World Academy of Medical Sciences, Mexico
3Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, World Academy of Medical Sciences, Mexico
4Assistant Professor, American University School of Medicine, Aruba, Caribbean Islands
5President and Council Chairman, Department of cardiothoracic surgery, School of Medicine, Kings and Queens Medical College, Ghana, West Africa
6Professor, Dean, Department of Medicine, Apollo Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Hyderabad, TS, India
7Department of Psychiatry, Asha Hospital, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, TS, India
8Consultant, MD Internal Medicine, Apollo Hospitals and Apollo Tele Health Services, Associate Professor Department of General Medicine, Shadan Medical College, India
*Corresponding Author: Raghavendra Rao MV, Scientist-Emeritus, Department of Medicine, Apollo Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Hyderabad, TS, India.
Received: May 27, 2022; Published: June 29, 2022




Abstract

Neurotransmitters are the diction of our brain. Exclusively, the brain possesses 183 different neurotransmitters. Very low or absence of most neurotransmitters or their respective receptors can accompany coma or departure from life. Many neurological conditions and mental disorders are due to the improper functioning of neurotransmitters. GABA diminishes heart rate and hypertension. GABA helps to lighten, moderate, calm and fall asleep. GABA stops other neurons from firing. Dopamine bonuses the brain up and transfer fondness of enjoyment. Dopamine is a pleasure chemical (Feel good neurotransmitter), involved, learning and emotion. The feeling comes from adrenalin or epinephrine. Nor-epinephrine alerts the person. Serotonin sets the body’s internal clock. Serotonin is a mood neurotransmitter. Glutamate excites neurons to fire and involved in memory. These chemicals are called neuromodulators.

Keywords: Acetylcholine; Dopamine; Serotonin; GABA; Glutamate; Glycine; Aspartate; Alzheimer’s disease; Oxytocin; Epinephrine

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Citation: Raghavendra Rao MV., et al. “How does a Brain Chemical Command Gloom and Bloom?”. EC Neurology 14.7 (2022): 16-26.

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