Research Article
Volume 2 Issue 2 - 2020
Fortification of Knowledge on Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) Analysis and its Interpretation: Interventional Study
Apsara N1 and A Maria Therese2*
1M.Sc Nursing, College of Nursing Mother Theresa PG and Research Institute of Health Sciences, Puducherry, India
2Professor, College of Nursing Mother Theresa PG and Research Institute of Health Sciences, Puducherry, India
*Corresponding Author: A Maria Therese, Professor, College of Nursing Mother Theresa PG and Research Institute of Health Sciences, Puducherry, India.
Received: : November 20, 2019; Published: January 30, 2020


Background: Blood is a fluid connective tissue which transports substances from one part of the body to another. It provides nutrients and hormones to the tissues and removes their waste products. The functions of Blood include Nutritive, Respiratory, excretory, Transport, protective, Homeostatic, Maintenance of Body temperature, storage function. Arterial blood gas studies alarmed with the exchange of gases between blood and the lungs between tissues and blood. It is very useful laboratory test in patients with metabolic and respiratory disorders. Nurses play a vital role in early identification of risky patients with acid-base imbalance in critical care areas, in tremendous situation, the nurse should be knowledgeable about ABG analysis and its interpretation to know the potential risks of the patient and able to carefully monitor, administration rates and therapeutic responses. 

Aim: The study was designed to evaluate the knowledge of ABG analysis and its interpretation among Nursing officers in Emergency Departments. 

Subjects and Methods: A pre-experimental one group pretest and post-test study was conducted among Nursing officers in selected Hospitals at Puducherry. Sample size was 50, selected through purposive sampling. The approach used for the study was Quantitative approach and design was pre-experimental one group pretest and post-test design. Researcher made questionnaire contained four sections i.e. demographic variables, questions related to normal values of ABG Analysis, Technique of ABG sampling, and interpretation of ABG Results respectively.

Results: The major findings of the study in pretest was, 60% had moderate knowledge and 38% had adequate knowledge 2% had inadequate knowledge on ABG Analysis and its Interpretation and post-test showed 98% had adequate knowledge and 2% had moderately adequate knowledge. 

Conclusion: The study revealed that most of the Nursing officers had Adequate knowledge in post-test compared to pretest regarding ABG Analysis. Hence the results of the study proves that the Educative approach is effective.

Keywords: Arterial Blood Gas Analysis; Interpretation; Educative Approach; Knowledge; Nursing Officers; Emergency Department


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Citation: Apsara N and A Maria Therese. “Fortification of Knowledge on Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) Analysis and its Interpretation: Interventional Study”. EC Nursing & Healthcare 2.2 (2020): 01-07.

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