Research Article
Volume 2 Issue 8 - 2020
Epidemiological Analysis of Work-Related Accidents in Brazil Deliberated by Notification Injury Information System - Sinan
Fernanda Karolina Sanches de Brito1, Jocireudo de Jesus Carneiro de Aguiar2, Lília Maria Nobre Mendonça de Aguiar3, Domingas Machado da Silva4* and Dinalia Carolina Lopes Pacheco5
1Nurse, University Center of the Amazon, Santarém-Pará, Brazil
2Biologist, Master in Molecular Biology, Professor at the University Center of the Amazon, Santarém-Pará, Brazil
3Nurse, Master’s Degree in Process Engineering, University Center of the Amazon, Santarém-Pará, Brazil
4Nurse, Master in Biosciences, Federal University of Western Pará, Santarém-Pará, Brazil
5Nurse, Master’s student in Society Environment and Quality of Life. Federal University of Western Pará, Santarém-Pará, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Domingas Machado da Silva, Nurse, Master in Biosciences, Federal University of Western Pará, Santarém-Pará, Brazil.
Received: February 14, 2020; Published: July 06, 2020




Abstract

Occupational accidents are considered as one of the health problems of Brazilian workers. The process of underreporting of accidents at work is still very large in Brazil and this, remarkably, makes it difficult to perform the competent services of surveillance of work environments. The objective of this study was to identify and characterize the demand of patients victims of work accidents through public data registered and recognized through the epidemiological bulletin of the Notification Diseases Information System - Sinan. A cross-sectional and retrospective study, descriptive character, classified as bibliographic and statistical research. An analysis of the database of the Ministry of Health was carried out, via SINAN between 2007 and 2016, totaling 118,310 cases of work accidents, it is also emphasized about the legal support of this, through Resolution Number 3 of October 13, 2017, which guarantees the use of transparency and relevant data provided for in article 1 (I) of this standard. It was adopted as a criterion for the inclusion of articles which indicated the involvement by accident of work and, as an exclusion criterion, the one in which in this case had another origin. Results: The highest rates of work accidents occurred in Men (81.70%), from 18 to 29 years (40.1%), in the southeast region (47.50%), 6-7h (17%), on public roads (79.30%), causing leg fracture, including ankle (12.5%), and disability (63%). Final considerations: the study made it possible to detect values of accidents at work that may reflect inefficient notification systems for victims, adopting the assumption that a large number of accidents at work are no longer declared for victims official occupational safety and health inspection agencies. In this sense, it is of fundamental importance to adopt more effective measures to reduce work accidents in the Brazilian social environment, considering the one with the most industrial characteristics in the country. It is also suggested the need to establish appropriate procedures, map risks and promote awareness, especially in male workers, since statistics show that more accidents are at work. We cannot fail to mention technology as a basic tool in conducting daily inspections or audits in the workplaces. Preventive measures such as the use of PPE, develop and determine preventive action plan, monitor the work environment, and control basic training or training to perform an activity. What’s more, interventional programs of action at the national level are a way of trying to make the number of work accidents start to progressively decrease through greater and more rigid control over workplaces.

Keywords: Work Accident; Epidemiology; Health; Surveillance; Victims

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Citation: Fernanda Karolina Sanches de Brito., et al. “Epidemiological Analysis of Work-Related Accidents in Brazil Deliberated by Notification Injury Information System - Sinan”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 2.8 (2020): 01-13.

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