Research Article
Volume 2 Issue 8 - 2020
Tools of Afrontation at the Time of the Diagnosis. Expressed by People Living with HIV of the Quindío, Colombia
Betancur Pulgarin CL1*, López Marín Johana Andrea2, Marín Buitrago Lina Fernanda3, Solórzano Jaramillo Diana Marcela4 and Ramírez Gutiérrez Christian Camilo5
1Teacher Andean Area University Foundation, ZIPATEFI Group Category C Colciencias, Associate Researcher (AI) Colciencias, Master in Nursing, Specialist in Epidemiology, Specialist in University Teaching, Colombia
2Nurse Specialist in Epidemiology, Colombia
3Respiratory Therapist, Specialist in Epidemiology, Colombia
4Medical, Specialist in Epidemiology, Colombia
5Nurse, Epidemiology Specialist, Colombia
*Corresponding Author: Betancur Pulgarin CL, Teacher Andean Area University Foundation, ZIPATEFI Group Category C Colciencias, Associate Researcher (AI) Colciencias, Master in Nursing, Specialist in Epidemiology, Specialist in University Teaching, Colombia.
Received: March 16, 2020; Published: July 22, 2020


Introduction: HIV is a public health problem because of its incidence, difficult control of risk factors, cultural components, late diagnosis and flaws in the integral management of patients with an HIV positive diagnosis. Currently, 37.9 million people in the world live with this.

Objective of the Study: The objective to identify the perception of a positive HIV patient from SIES Salud in the city of Armenia Quindío, facing the coping tools at the moment of the diagnosis in the year 2018.

Materials and Methodology: Qualitative phenomenological retrospective hermeneutic design with 9 HIV/AIDS participants selected by voluntary appraisal. Collected by semi-structured interviews and analyzed by the Atlas Ti free version program.

Results: The main coping tool is support from health personnel and social support.

Conclusion: The family support, the creation of affective bonds feeling linked in a social circle and the creation of knowledge based on the experiences of other people are proposed coping tools that lead to the acceptance of the pathology, affecting adherence to care programs and antiretroviral treatment.

Keywords: HIV; AIDS; Perception; Cope; Qualitative Research; (DeSC)


  1. World health organization. Global HIV health strategy. 2016–2021. Towards the end of aids (2020). 
  2. National institute of health, behavior report on HIV-AIDS reporting up to epidemiological period xiii (2016). 
  3. Secretary of health of quindío, annual report health surveillance system publishes quindío department, (2016). 
  4. Cardona Arias Jaiberth Antonio. “Socio-anthropological determination as a consubstantial element to the HIV/AIDS study”. Uis physicians 28.1 (2015): 109-115. 
  5. Morales A, et al. “Barriers to HIV testing in adolescents in spain”. Psychosocial Intervention 25 (2016): 135-136. 
  6. Cardona-duque DV., et al. “Depression and associated factors in people living with HIV/AIDS in quindío, colombia, 2015”. Habanera Journal of Medical Sciences 15 (216): 941-954. 
  7. Peñaloza garcia M., et al. “Perception of death in people carrying the human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) in the situation of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids)”. Science and Care 10.1 (2015): 11-18. 
  8. Vilató frómeta liudmila., et al. “Therapeutic adherence and perceived social support in people living with HIV/AIDS”. Rev Cuban Public Health 41.4 (2015). 
  9. Nogueda-orozco M J., et al. “Psychosocial factors associated with the late onset of antiretroviral therapy in mexican patients with HIV”. Health of Mexico 57 (2015): s135-s141. 
  10. Alvarado C and Passos E. “The family in the process of acceptance and accompaniment in HIV/AIDS disease in patients affiliated with comfamiliar eps-s of cartagena district”. Méthodos 15 (2015): 172-186.
  11. Ceballos-Ospina G., et al. “Use of coping strategies for HIV and cancer patients in a private clinic in santa marta-Colombia”. Rfs 6.1 (2015): 27-33. 
  12. Pérez-giraldo., et al. “Coping and adaptation and their relationship to the spiritual perspective in patients with HIV/AIDS”. Research and Education in Nursing 30.3 (2012): 330-338. 
  13. Farfán G Gladys. “Feelings that generate the wait for rapid HIV positive test results in women who attend the services of the hospital "jamo" tumbes, in the months of April to July 2014” (2015). 
  14. Godínez-González FJ. “Support ties in the treatment of hiv/aids. Bachelor's degree job, master's degree in human development”. Tlaquepaque, Jalisco: Iteso (2018).
  15. Guevara-Sotelo., et al. “Experiences of stigma sense in people with HIV”. Psicogente 21.39 (2018):127-139. 
  16. Echeverry M., et al. “Economical characteristics of complications in patients with hospitalized human immunodeficiency virus”. Rev Centcient City 14.1 (2017): 23-39. 
Citation: Betancur Pulgarin CL., et al. “Tools of Afrontation at the Time of the Diagnosis. Expressed by People Living with HIV of the Quindío, Colombia”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 2.8(2020): 37-44.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

May Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the May issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before May 25, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.