Research Article
Volume 3 Issue 1 - 2021
Risk Factors Associated with Suicidal Behavior and its Interpretation with Humanistic Theories in Nursing Students
De Jesús Gutiérrez Campos1, Refuge Cabral de la Torre1, Leticia Carolina Hernández Esparza1*, Fernanda Morales Pérez1, Irma Berenice Martínez Villagran2, Karen Patricia Castañeda Martinez3 and Itzel Atzhiri Verduzco Brambila3
1Teachers Belonging to the Academic Body CA-665 Nursing and its Professional Practice, University of Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Mexico
2Professor of the Nursing Department for the Care, Development and Preservation of Community Health, University of Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Mexico
3Social Service Provider of the Bachelor of Nursing Assigned to the Nursing Department for the Care, Development and Preservation of Community Health, University of Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Mexico
*Corresponding Author: Leticia Carolina Hernández Esparza, Teachers Belonging to the Academic Body CA-665 Nursing and its Professional Practice, University of Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Mexico.
Received: June 30, 2020; Published: December 30, 2020


Background: Suicide is a worldwide problem caused mainly by feelings such as frustration, loss of values such as dignity, respect for self and neighbor. Young university students are in a "vulnerable" stage for the development of suicidal risk behaviors, which implies profound biological, psychological and social transformations, largely generating crisis, conflicts and contradictions.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study included 2,624 nursing students where the Suicidal Risk Assessment in Adolescents (IRSA) was applied, made up of 107 questions in 8 dimensions of suicidal behavior: suicidal risk factors not modifiable, modifiable, depression-anxiety, suicidal ideation, precipitating factors, beliefs and protectors to suicide.

Results: The history of suicide attempt (HIS) was presented in 20% and 61% reported having suicidal ideation. Students with HIS had significantly higher frequency of risk factors vs. students without HIS; the proportion of protective factors was significantly higher in those without HIS. The highest frequency with HIS was between 20 to 25 years, in the female sex and in face-to-face careers.

Conclusion: The results show that suicidal behavior in nursing students of the CUCS, UDG, should be considered a problem of public health; The humanistic approach allows us to realize an existential void and the lack of a sense of life to face the demands of modern society that limit the development of human potential to cover the basic needs of human coexistence and self-regulation.

Keywords: Risk Factors; Suicide; Suicidal Behavior; Students; Sense of Life


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Citation: Leticia Carolina Hernández Esparza., et al. “Risk Factors Associated with Suicidal Behavior and its Interpretation with Humanistic Theories in Nursing Students”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 3.1(2021): 33-44.

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