Volume 2 Issue 12 - 2020
A Situation of Occupational Injuries in Small Scale Industries in Ethiopia
Hailemichael Mulugeta*
Department of Public Health, College of Health Science, Debre Berhan University, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Hailemichael Mulugeta, Department of Public Health, College of Health Science, Debre Berhan University, Ethiopia.
Received: August 17, 2020; Published: November 28, 2020

Occupational injuries present a major public health problem resulting in serious social and economic consequences. The impact is 10 to 20 times higher in developing counties, where the greatest concentration of the world’s workforce is located [1]. Accidents and occupational injuries from Small scale industries are not properly recorded or reported nationally in Ethiopia [2]. The studies in Small scale industries reported a one year occupational injuries rates is ranging from 147 to 808 in Ethiopia among 1000 workers [3-8].

Scientific studies from Ethiopia have tried to identify factors associated with occupational injuries in different industries. Job categories [6], un guarded machines [6], inadequate work space [6,8], workers age [9], health and safety training [9,10], work experience [5,11], working hours per week [7,10,12], use of personal protective equipment [5,7,10-12], Khat chewing behavior [6,11,13], job stress [6,9,10] and low job satisfaction [6,12] are factors associated with occupational injury.


  1. International Labour Organizations(ILO). Estimating the Economic Costs of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses in Developing Countries: Essential Information for Decision-Makers. Safety And Health at Work and the Environment (Safe Work). Geneva, Switzerland (2012).
  2. Federal Ministry of Ethiopia Labor and social Affairs (MOLSA). 2013/14-2014/15 National report on ocopational acident Unpublished (2015).
  3. Asrat M., et al. “Work Related Injuries and Associated Factors among Small Scale Industry Workers of Mizan-Aman Town, Bench Maji Zone, Southwest Ethiopia”. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development 3 (2017): 208-215.
  4. Tanga A and Tessema Jilo. “Prevalence of Occupational Injuries and Associated Factors among SmallScale Industries Workers in Arba Minch Town, Southern Ethiopia”. International Journal of Public Health and Safety 2 (2018).
  5. Abera B., et al. “Magnitude of Occupational Injuries and Associated Factors among Small-Scale Industry Workers in Mekelle City, Northern Ethiopia”. Occupational Medicine and Health Affairs3 (2015).
  6. Hailemichael M., et al. “Nonfatal Occupational Injuries among Workers in Microscale and Small-Scale Woodworking Enterprise in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia”. Journal of Environmental and Public Health (2020).
  7. Getnet A., et al. “Prevalence and determinants of work related injuries among small and medium scale industry workers in Bahir Dar Town, north west Ethiopia”. Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (2015).
  8. Nagasa D., et al. “Occupational Injury and Its Correlated Factors among Small-Scale Industry Workers in Towns of Bale Zone, Southeast Ethiopia”. Journal of Environmental and Public Health (2019).
  9. Zewdie A., et al. “Determinants of Occupational Injury: A Case Control Study among Textile FactoryWorkers in Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia”. Journal of Tropical Medicine (2011).
  10. Gebrekiros G., et al. “Assesment of the prevalence and associted factos of occupational injury among workers in Arba minch Textile factory”. Occupational Medicine and Health Afairs6 (2015).
  11. Tadese S and Israel D. “Occupational injuries among building construction workers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia”. Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology16 (2016).
  12. Takele T and Abera K. “Prevalence and factors affecting work-related injury among workers engaged in Small and Medium-Scale Industries inGondar wereda, north Gondar zone, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia”. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences 1 (2007): 28-34.
  13. Mesfin B., et al. “The magnitude of khat use and its association with health, nutrition and socio-economic status”. Ethiopian Medical Journal1 (2000): 11-26.
  14. Federal Minstry of Micro-and small-scale Enterprise Development Agency (MSEDA). Industrial development Strategy. Adisss Ababa Ethiopia (2002).
  15. Global Development Solutions L. Light Manufacturing in Africa: Focused Policies to Enhance Private Investment and Create Millions of Productive Jobs (2011).
  16. Ministry of Ethiopia labour and Social Affairs (MOLSA). Occupational Safety and Health profile for Ethiopia. Addis Ababa (2006).
  17. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Labour Proclamation Federal Negarit Gazeta 1993, Labour Proclamation (2003).
  18. Jeff W and Keith G. “Assessment of Ethiopia's Labor Inspection System In: Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB) USDoLU, USA: Federal Publications (2013).
  19. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Negarit gazeta, Labor Proclamation (2003): 377.
  20. Abera K., et al. “Occupational Health and Safety in Ethiopia: A review of Situational Analysis and Needs Assessment”. Ethiopian Journal Health Development 30 (2016): 17-27.
Citation: Hailemichael Mulugeta. “A Situation of Occupational Injuries in Small Scale Industries in Ethiopia”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 2.12 (2020): 14-15.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

May Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the May issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before May 25, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.