Research Article
Volume 3 Issue 3 - 2021
Importance of Educational Practices in the Care of Elderly People with Diabetes Mellitus
Valéria dos Santos Ribeiro* and Roseanne Montargil Rocha
Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Valéria dos Santos Ribeiro, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, Brazil.
Received: September 10, 2020; Published: February 08, 2021


Objective: To investigate how the elderly perceive the educational practices performed by nurses and how the family context interferes in the care of the elderly affected by diabetes mellitus.

Methods: Descriptive research, with a qualitative approach, carried out in a basic health unit (BHU) in a city in the interior of Bahia, comprising a population of 57 elderly people diagnosed with diabetes mellitus.

Results: Using the thematic content analysis technique, two categories emerged: Health education; The Family does not take care.

Conclusion: The nurse is the professional link between the information and the care action, so it is seen as a facilitator when implementing strategies for the creation of new knowledge and its effective execution. Family work with the elderly makes it possible for them to feel supported and supported not only in the pathological process, but in its entirety. Family members provide support in adhering to treatment because they are in contact with the elderly, thus acting as collaborators of self-care for strengthening health information.

Keywords: Health Education; Family Relationships; Primary Health Care; Comprehensive Health Care; Health Services for the Elderly


  1. World Health Organization. Noncommunicable Diseases Progress Monitor. Geneva: World Health Organization (2017).
  2. International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas. 7th Brussels: International Diabetes Federation, 201X (2017).
  3. Brazilian Diabetes Society (2017).
  4. American Diabetes Association. “Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus”. Diabetes Care 1 (2015): 8-16.
  5. Melo LP and Campos EA. “The group facilitates everything”: meanings attributed by patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus to health education groups”. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem6 (2014): 980-987.
  6. “Ministry of Health. Health Policy Secretariat. Plan to reorganize care for hypertension and diabetes mellitus”. Brasília: Ministry of Health (2001).
  7. Bardin L. “Content Analysis”. Sao Paulo; Editions 70 (2011).
  8. “National Health Council. Resolution No. 466, 2012. Regulatory guidelines and standards for research involving human beings”. Brasilia 1 (2012): 59.
  9. Chaves MO., et al. “Perceptions of people with diabetes about the disease: nursing contributions”. Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem-REBEn 2 (2013): 215-221.
  10. Esteves AF. “Medicine and health education in the Family Health Program: a case report”. The Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte 2 (2012): 187-190.
  11. Souza LB., et al. “Health education practices in Brazil: the role of nursing”. A Revista Enfermagem UERJ 1 (2010): 55-60.
  12. Almeida ER., et al. “The practice of health education in the perception of hypertensive and diabetic users”. Health in Debate 101 (2014): 328-337.
  13. Zulian LR., et al. “Quality of life of patients with diabetes using the Diabetes 39 instrument (D-39)”. The Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem 3 (2013): 138-146.
  14. Rossi VEC., et al. “Adherence to drug treatment among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus”. Revista de Enfermagem do Centro-Oeste Mineiro 3 (2015): 1820-1830.
  15. Dornelles SS., et al. “Care for People with Diabetes Mellitus and their Family”. Cogitare Enfermagem 3 (2013): 496-501.
  16. Valcarenghi RV., et al. “Nursing scientific production on health promotion, chronic condition, and aging”. Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem 4 (2015): 705-712.
  17. Santos EA., et al. “Morbidities and quality of life of elderly people with diabetes mellitus living in rural and urban areas”. Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP 2 (2013): 393-400.
  18. Silva MJ., et al. “Psychometric analysis of family APGAR. Anna Nery School Nursing Magazine”. Esc Anna Nery3 (2014): 527-532.Mendonça FF and Nunes EFPA. “Evaluation of Health Education Groups for People with Chronic Diseases”. Work Education Health 2 (2015): 397-409.
  19. Smilkstein G. “The family APGAR: a proposal for a family function test and its use by physicians”. The Journal of Family Practice 6 (1978): 1231-1239.
  20. Smilkstein G., et al. “Validity and reliability of the Family APGAR as a test of family function”. The Journal of Family Practice 2 (1982): 303-311.
  21. Brazilian Diabetes Society. “Guidelines of the Brazilian Diabetes Society 2015-2016: e-book”. São Paulo: GEN (2015).
Citation: Valéria dos Santos Ribeiro and Roseanne Montargil Rocha. “Importance of Educational Practices in the Care of Elderly People with Diabetes Mellitus”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 3.3 (2021): 56-63.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

May Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the May issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before May 25, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.