Research Article
Volume 3 Issue 3 - 2021
Controlled Clinical Trial of how Mobile Health Applications Affect Unemployed Men’s Physical Health as Well as Thoughts and Actions in Relation to their Own Physical Health
Vinie Diana Hvidbak Levisen*, Francisco Mansilla Castaño and Camilla Skovbjerg Jensen
University College South Denmark, Haderslev and Esbjerg, Denmark
*Corresponding Author: Vinie Diana Hvidbak Levisen, University College South Denmark, Haderslev and Esbjerg, Denmark.
Received: December 01, 2020; Published: February 09, 2021




Abstract

Unemployed men with low or no education have both the lowest average life and no research has been conducted with mobile health applications (m-Health) as health promotion interventions for this target group. This Controlled clinical trial wants to contribute with knowledge about how m-Health (“Health” and “Google Fit”) affect the level of physical activity amongst unemployed men (aged 19 - 62 year) as well as the frequency of how often they think and do something for their own physical health. The men were allocated to an intervention group (n = 40) or a control group (n = 35). Baseline and effect measurement were carried out in both groups. During the intervention period of six months the intervention group used a m-Health that recorded number of steps, and they received a health promoting text message every other week. The men texted their recorded number of steps per week as well as visual analogue scale (VAS) thinking and doing in a selected week every 4 weeks. Significantly result in the intervention group: fitness rate, from 30,0 mL/min/kg to 33,0 (P < 0,001); oxygen absorption in the fitness test, from 2,06 to 2,80 L/min (P < 0,001); VAS, how often the men do something to improve their own physical health, from 7,00 to 8,00 (P = 0,009). Significantly result in the control group: muscle mass, from 62,96 kg to 64,64 kg (P = 0,043), fat percentage from 19,97% to 17,08% (P = 0,001) and body age from 40 year to 36 year (P = 0,001). This study has shown that unemployed men with low or no education are interested in their health and with acknowledging information and follow-up on their physical health, they can improve their physical health, both with and without m-Health. The improve on frequency of thinking and doing something for their health is especially noticeable for the intervention group using m-Health.

 

Keywords: Physical Health; Unemployed; Men with Short or No Education; m-Health; CCT

References

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Citation: Vinie Diana Hvidbak Levisen., et al. “Controlled Clinical Trial of how Mobile Health Applications Affect Unemployed Men’s Physical Health as Well as Thoughts and Actions in Relation to their Own Physical Health”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 3.3 (2021): 80-89.

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