Research Article
Volume 3 Issue 3 - 2021
Levels of Capillary Cortisol and Risk Behaviors in Hospital Nursing Staff
Vanessa Augusto Bardaquim1*, Aida Maria de Oliveira Cruz Mendes2, Júlia Trevisan Martins3, Fabio de Souza Terra4 and Maria Lúcia do Carmo Cruz Robazzi5
1PhD in Science from the Ribeirao Preto College of Nursing, University of São Paulo - USP, Brazil
2Professor at the Nursing School of Coimbra. Coimbra, Portugal
3PhD in Nursing, Professor at the Nursing Graduation Course of the Nursing Department of the Health Sciences Center of the State University of Londrina, Brazil
4Associate Professor at the Federal University of Alfenas College of Nursing - UNIFAL-MG, Brazil
5Clinical Nurse Specialist, Senior Professor at the Ribeirao Preto College of Nursing, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Vanessa Augusto Bardaquim, PhD in Science from the Ribeirao Preto College of Nursing, University of São Paulo - USP, Brazil.
Received: December 10, 2020; Published: February 23, 2021




Abstract

Objective: To associate the levels of capillary cortisol and the risk behavior factors in hospital service nursing staff.

Methods: Descriptive-analytical, cross-sectional, quantitative study, carried out in a hospital institution with 164 nursing staff members, using a self-completion questionnaire to obtain personal and professional profiling data. Staff members' hair samples were collected for capillary cortisol analysis. The data were entered into an MS-Excel spreadsheet, the statistical analysis was carried out by determining the sample size, with the prevalence value of 50%, which results in a sample size that contemplates any value of P. The software used for sample calculation was the R software and the statistical tests used for the analysis consisted of the Pearson's Chi-Squared test. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee.

Results: 38.4% of the staff members evaluated were undergoing treatment or using some type of medication, 22.5% were away from work, 18.3% were smokers, 60.4% consumed alcoholic beverages, 57.3% did not practice physical activities and 47.6% had difficulty falling asleep. Regarding cortisol, its levels were above normal among smokers, those who consumed alcoholic beverages, those who led a sedentary lifestyle and those who had difficulty falling asleep. According to statistical analysis, it can be stated that there was no significant association between the variables tested and the results of cortisol levels.

Conclusion: Risk behaviors are present in the clinical service nursing team, but they did not exhibit an association with the levels of capillary cortisol.

Keywords: Nursing; Hydrocortisone; Occupational Health; Tobacco Use Disorder; Alcohol Consumption

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Citation: Vanessa Augusto Bardaquim., et al. “Levels of Capillary Cortisol and Risk Behaviors in Hospital Nursing Staff”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 3.3 (2021): 277-288.

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