Research Article
Volume 3 Issue 6 - 2021
Nursing Care in the Preoperative Period of Heart Transplants: Efficacy in the Role of Nurses in Minimizing Complications - An Integrative Review
Natália Soares Melo1* and Juliane Gomes Soares de Azevedo2
1Professora dos Cursos Lato Sensu No Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa do Grupo Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte, Brazil
2Discente do Programa de Pós Graduação Lato Sensu da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Belo Horizonte, do Curso de Especialização em Urgência e Emergência, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Natália Soares Melo, Professora dos Cursos Lato Sensu No Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa do Grupo Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
Received: January 08, 2021; Published: May 27, 2021


Introduction: The preoperative period is a moment of information supply, clarification of doubts and assistance to the patient of heart transplantation and their relatives, being the nursing professional inserted in this context, being in most cases the professional that has more contact both with the patient and with his family.

Objective: The objective of this study was to identify and evaluate the scientific productions that describe the efficacy of nurses in the preoperative period of patients with cardiac transplantation.

Methodology: The present study is an integrative review, with a survey of scientific productions available in the literature.

Results and Discussions: From the analysis of the selected articles, two categories were created: "Effectiveness of Nursing Professionals in the Preoperative Period of Cardiac Transplantation" and "Nursing Professionals in the Nursing Care Systematization and Minimization of Complications in the preoperative period of heart transplants".

Final Considerations: The preoperative period is the moment in which the nursing professional plays a very important role of health monitoring and education in cases of cardiac transplantation, both for patients and their families. This performance becomes effective when it is performed in a systematized way and leads the patient to develop self-care and awareness of his new health condition, from the moment he discovers that he will undergo transplantation.

Keywords: Nursing Care; Heart Transplantation; Preoperative Period


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  2. Brazilian Registry of Transplants (2019).
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  5. Souza JC and Mendes FS. “Language testing: a new strategy in health services to reduce early weaning”. Rev Eletr Evid and Enferm1 (2018): 17-29.
  6. Duarte SCM., et al. “Nursing care in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery: a case study”. Escola Anna Nery4 (2012): 657-665.
  7. Souza VN., et al. “Pulmonary artery catheter: nursing care related to patients in the postoperative period of heart transplantation”. Revista de Enfermagem UFPE 5 (2017): 1769-1775.
  8. Pessoa VLMP., et al. “Outpatient nursing care: perception of cardiac transplant recipients about outpatient nursing consultation”. Research Journal: Care is key. J. res.: found. Care54 (2017): 984-989.
  9. Matos SS., et al. “Cardiac transplants in the middle postoperative period: nursing diagnoses according to Horta's assumptions”. Revista SOBECC 4 (2015): 228-235.
Citation: Natália Soares Melo and Juliane Gomes Soares de Azevedo. “Nursing Care in the Preoperative Period of Heart Transplants: Efficacy in the Role of Nurses in Minimizing Complications - An Integrative Review”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 3.6 (2021): 72-78.

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