Research Article
Volume 3 Issue 5 - 2021
Prevalence of Malaria among Pregnant Women in Imo State University Teaching Hospital (Imsuth), Orlu, Imo State, Nigeria
Vincent CCN1*, Onyeka PIK2 and Amaechi AA2
1Department of Nursing Science, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
2Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Vincent CCN, Department of Nursing Science, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.
Received: March 05, 2021; Published: April 16, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: Malaria during pregnancy is a major concern because of its adverse effect on fetus. The study was on pregnant women who visited Imo State University Teaching Hospital (IMSUTH), Orlu, Nigeria from February 2014 to June 2017 for their antenatal care.

Objective: The purpose of the study is to ascertain malaria prevalence and its effect on the fetus among pregnant women in IMSUTH.

Method: Shortly before birth peripheral blood smear was obtained from each participant into sterile EDTA container for laboratory analysis for malaria identification. The study comprised of 936 pregnant women who came for antenatal care during the period of study.

Result and Discussions: The findings revealed that 317 (33.9%) had peripheral malaria parasite with malaria intensities of 43.2% having one plus (+), 37.5% and 19.3% had ++ and +++ respectively. Primigravidae had more (59.7%) malaria parasite than other gravidities whereas multigravidae were less (21.5%) affected, 43.2% of the population had malaria intensity of one plus (+). There is significant relationship between malaria prevalence among pregnant women in IMSUTH and their gravidity status (2 = 124.82; P < 0.05). Age bracket of 36 - 45 years were more exposed (52.8%) to malaria infection. Malaria intensity of one plus (+) increases as the age of the population increases whereas, malaria intensity of ++ decreases with age. There is significant relationship between malaria prevalence among pregnant women in IMSUTH and their age groups (2 = 44.28; P < 0.05).

Recommendation: The study recommended regular environmental sanitation to get rid of mosquitoes, use of mosquito treated bed nets, prompt treatment of malaria in pregnancy and health education.

Keywords: Prevalence of Malaria; Pregnant Women

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Citation: Vincent CCN., et al. “Prevalence of Malaria among Pregnant Women in Imo State University Teaching Hospital (Imsuth), Orlu, Imo State, Nigeria”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 3.5 (2021): 25-31.

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