Research Article
Volume 3 Issue 5 - 2021
Comparison of Respiratory Strength of Eutrophic Individuals and People with Obesity Class II
Karla Garcez Cusmanich1,2,3*, Brenda Cortez Inocêncio2, Alexandre Marotta2, Andressa Taiane Silverio 3 and Renato Mesquita Tauil3
1Physiotherapy Clinic of the University of Taubaté, UNITAU, Brazil
2Clinical Vida Vale, Taubaté-SP, Brazil
3Institute of Gastro Surgery and Obesity-IGATRO, Taubaté-SP, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Karla Garcez Cusmanich, Physiotherapy Clinic of the University of Taubaté, UNITAU, Brazil.
Received: March 23, 2021; Published: April 22, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: The excess of adipose tissue present in the obese individuals, can cause alteration in the respiratory functions and thus, the respiratory muscles have been characterized as insufficient.

Objective: To evaluate the respiratory force in sedentary individuals with class II obesity and eutrophic individuals, comparing the values obtained in the groups and discussing results of greater discrepancy.

Methods: We evaluated 87 sedentary individuals, being 45 individuals classified as having class II obesity and 42 eutrophic individuals. To compare the mean values of maximum respiratory pressures obtained and predicted values using the equations proposed by Costa., et al. the manovacuometer was used, and also the Student's t test with significance level p < 0.05. for the association between these values, the Spearman correlation coefficient was used.

Results: The results measured for respiratory pressures in patients with class II obesity, measured in cmH2O was MIP 80.1 and MEP 58.2 ± 22; while for the eutrophic group the MIP was 77.4 ± 28.2 and MEP 108.6 ± 20.2.

Conclusion: The data obtained indicated that patients with class II obesity presented statistically higher values of MIP (p = 0.005), but the MEP values were lower than those obtained by eutrophic ones and also in the predicted values, being able to be justified by the accumulation of fat in the abdominal region, consequently affecting the function of the expiratory muscles. The results obtained with the eutrophic volunteers pointed out that the sedentary lifestyle can be very harmful, influencing more than the weight gain for the respiratory pressures.

Keywords: Obesity Grade II; Eutrophic; Respiratory Muscle Strength; Sedentary Lifestyle

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Citation: Karla Garcez Cusmanich., et al. “Comparison of Respiratory Strength of Eutrophic Individuals and People with Obesity Class II”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 3.5 (2021): 41-47.

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